National Academies Press: OpenBook

Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station (2000)

Chapter:Appendix C: Statement of Task

« Previous: Appendix B: Biographical Sketches of Task Group Members
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Statement of Task." National Research Council. 2000. Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9785.
×

C

Statement of Task

The purpose of this study is to evaluate NASA's plans for a Biotechnology Facility (BTF) envisioned for the International Space Station and to review the process for solicitation, selection, and experiment development to be carried out in the planned facility. Specifically, the study will:

  1. Review NASA's plan for a Biotechnology Facility and evaluate the facility's potential to support the range of investigations in cell biology (cell culture, growth, and differentiation) and molecular structure (growth of biological macromolecular crystals such as proteins and nucleic acids) envisioned by NASA for near-term (i.e., up to 5 years) space station utilization. To the extent feasible, the potential of the planned BTF to support research in other areas will also be evaluated.

  2. Based on current trends in science, identify design limitations that might constrain long-term (i.e., beyond 5 years) use of the planned BTF for experiments in cell biology and molecular structure. If warranted, recommend possible improvements to enhance design flexibility and expand research capability.

  3. Review NASA's process for solicitation, selection, and post-selection reviews (in preparation for flight) of biotechnology flight experiments. Where warranted, recommend changes in the process that could lead to improvements in scientific quality of experiments flown in the BTF and its utilization by a broader research community.

The product of the study will be a report that evaluates NASA's plans for a Biotechnology Facility envisioned for the International Space Station and reviews the process for solicitation, selection, and experiment development to be carried out in the planned facility, and make recommendations for improvements, when warranted. Funds for this activity have been provided by NASA.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Statement of Task." National Research Council. 2000. Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9785.
×
Page64
Next: Appendix D: Glossary »
Future Biotechnology Research on the International Space Station Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $47.00 Buy Ebook | $37.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Under current NASA plans, investigations in the area of biotechnology will be a significant component of the life sciences research to be conducted on the International Space Station (ISS). They encompass work on cell science and studies of the use of microgravity to grow high-quality protein crystals. Both these subdisciplines are advancing rapidly in terrestrial laboratories, fueled by federal and industrial research budgets that dwarf those of NASA's life science program. Forging strong and fruitful connections between the space investigations and laboratory-bench biologists, a continual challenge for NASA' s life sciences program, is thus of great importance to ensuring the excellence of ISS research.

This report evaluates the plan for NASA's biotechnology facility on the ISS and the scientific context that surrounds it, and makes recommendations on how the facility can be made more effective. In addition to questions about optimizing the instrumentation, the report addresses strategies for enhancing the scientific impact and improving the outreach to mainstream terrestrial biology. No major redirection of effort is called for, but collectively the specific, targeted changes recommended by the task group would have a major effect on the conduct of biotechnology research in space.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!