National Academies Press: OpenBook

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids (2000)

Chapter:C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994

« Previous: B Acknowledgments
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

C

Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994

TABLE C-1 Dietary Vitamin C Intake (mg): Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0–6 mo

413

93.9

55.0

64.0

Standard error

 

6.5

2.5

4.0

Both sexes, 7–12 mo

579

110.2

56.0

69.0

Standard error

 

4.4

3.3

3.8

Both sexes, 1–3 y

3,623

91.5

50.0

60.0

Standard error

 

1.7

1.3

1.3

Both sexes, 4–8 y

4,663

104.6

57.0

68.0

Standard error

 

2.2

5.7

4.9

M, 9–13 y

1,262

109.9

42.0

56.0

Standard error

 

4.7

2.6

3.0

M, 14–18 y

938

128.0

41.0

57.0

Standard error

 

6.0

2.0

2.6

M, 19–30 y

1,960

122.2

39.0

55.0

Standard error

 

3.9

2.1

2.6

M, 31–50 y

2,611

115.1

37.0

52.0

Standard error

 

3.2

1.5

1.7

M, 51–70 y

2,029

110.6

33.0

47.0

Standard error

 

4.6

1.8

2.3

M, 71+ y

1,321

103.9

36.0

50.0

Standard error

 

3.3

1.3

1.6

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

69.0

78.0

91.0

107.0

124.0

135.0

157.0

4.8

5.5

7.7

10.7

10.8

9.5

7.4

76.0

90.0

108.0

127.0

147.0

160.0

186.0

3.8

3.8

4.3

5.2

6.1

6.9

10.6

65.0

76.0

89.0

105.0

120.0

130.0

151.0

1.4

1.5

1.7

2.0

2.4

2.7

3.5

75.0

87.0

103.0

120.0

137.0

148.0

170.0

4.4

3.3

2.3

2.8

4.8

6.4

10.1

65.0

82.0

105.0

132.0

162.0

181.0

223.0

3.3

3.8

4.6

5.7

7.2

8.4

11.4

68.0

89.0

119.0

157.0

199.0

228.0

293.0

3.1

4.1

5.6

7.7

10.3

12.3

17.2

65.0

85.0

114.0

150.0

190.0

217.0

278.0

2.9

3.4

3.8

4.9

7.1

9.2

14.9

62.0

81.0

108.0

141.0

178.0

203.0

258.0

1.9

2.3

2.9

4.0

5.6

6.8

10.1

57.0

76.0

103.0

137.0

174.0

200.0

256.0

2.5

3.1

4.2

5.8

8.0

9.8

14.2

59.0

76.0

99.0

126.0

155.0

175.0

215.0

1.8

2.2

3.0

4.3

5.9

7.3

10.4

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE C-1 Continued

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

F, 9–13 y

1,279

103.2

47.0

60.0

Standard error

 

5.7

2.4

2.9

F, 14–18 y

707

94.4

32.0

44.0

Standard error

 

6.3

2.8

3.6

F, 19–30 y

1,106

84.1

31.0

42.0

Standard error

 

4.7

2.8

3.6

F, 31–50 y

2,644

90.0

32.0

43.0

Standard error

 

2.6

1.9

2.1

F, 51–70 y

2,143

102.4

35.0

49.0

Standard error

 

3.5

2.1

2.3

F, 71+ y

1,436

102.8

45.0

58.0

Standard error

 

2.6

1.8

1.9

Pregnant

214

124.0

49.0

65.0

Standard error

 

11.3

6.4

9.4

Lactating

100

136.8

50.0

65.0

Standard error

 

21.0

13.8

20.2

All individuals (+P/L)

29,022

105.5

46.0

58.0

Standard error

 

1.3

3.5

3.2

All individuals

28,714

105.3

45.0

58.0

Standard error

 

1.2

3.3

3.0

NOTE: Estimated mean and standard deviation, and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of vitamin C, computed using intake from food sources alone. Dietary intake data are from NHANES III, and the distribution was adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented in Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449. Data corresponding to age groups 0–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age were not adjusted because no replicate vitamin C intake data are available for children under 3 years.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

67.0

82.0

100.0

121.0

143.0

158.0

187.0

3.4

4.5

5.9

7.1

8.1

8.8

11.0

52.0

68.0

89.0

115.0

144.0

163.0

205.0

4.0

4.9

6.1

7.5

9.7

11.9

19.4

48.0

61.0

79.0

102.0

126.0

142.0

179.0

4.0

4.4

4.7

5.2

6.3

7.6

11.6

51.0

65.0

85.0

109.0

136.0

154.0

194.0

2.2

2.3

2.6

3.1

4.1

4.9

7.0

57.0

74.0

97.0

125.0

154.0

173.0

215.0

2.4

2.7

3.3

4.6

6.3

8.0

12.7

66.0

81.0

100.0

122.0

144.0

158.0

188.0

2.1

2.2

2.5

3.0

3.7

4.2

5.4

75.0

93.0

119.0

148.0

180.0

202.0

247.0

10.9

12.3

12.3

12.0

13.1

14.3

17.9

75.0

98.0

130.0

169.0

208.0

232.0

274.0

22.6

23.7

22.5

23.7

28.4

30.9

32.6

66.0

82.0

102.0

125.0

150.0

166.0

201.0

2.8

2.1

1.3

2.2

4.4

6.1

10.0

66.0

81.0

101.0

125.0

150.0

167.0

203.0

2.7

2.0

1.2

2.2

4.3

6.0

9.9

a M = male, F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE C-2 Total (Diet + Supplements) Vitamin C Intake (mg): Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0–6 mo

413

100.3

54.9

65.5

Both sexes, 7–12 mo

579

122.5

62.8

70.9

Both sexes, 1–3 y

3,623

121.1

53.0

62.8

Both sexes, 4–8 y

4,663

136.2

58.7

70.9

M, 9–13 y

1,262

143.2

44.1

59.2

M, 14–18 y

938

156.7

37.3

60.8

M, 19–30 y

1,960

172.9

36.3

59.5

M, 31–50 y

2,611

187.1

36.4

55.8

M, 51–70 y

2,029

199.4

34.0

49.8

M, 71+ y

1,321

176.3

38.2

52.5

F, 9–13 y

1,279

129.8

44.2

63.5

F, 14–18 y

707

145.5

31.1

50.1

F, 19–30 y

1,106

121.9

31.1

44.4

F, 31–50 y

2,644

165.1

31.0

48.1

F, 51–70 y

2,143

202.4

37.7

52.3

F, 71+ y

1,436

192.3

46.8

62.2

Pregnant

214

192.7

68.9

77.7

Lactating

100

195.9

60.5

76.6

All individuals (+P/L)

29,022

167.2

45.5

61.9

All individuals

28,714

186.9

44.6

61.0

NOTE: Estimated mean and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of vitamin C, computed using intakes from food and supplement sources. Dietary intake data are from NHANES III. Intakes from food were adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented by Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449. However, intakes from supplements are unadjusted, so the day-to-day variability in intakes may not have been totally removed from the data. Standard errors were not available for this data set.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

73.0

79.4

95.5

113.6

137.1

145.5

194.0

77.6

94.9

114.1

139.4

165.3

177.7

423.9

70.1

83.7

104.4

137.6

168.2

190.7

378.7

79.3

95.3

117.7

151.0

185.3

256.8

395.1

65.9

85.6

119.3

158.3

216.6

334.6

598.3

72.1

91.9

126.3

182.3

254.8

358.8

617.0

68.6

91.1

127.1

177.7

264.0

400.4

1,176.1

66.6

88.7

121.3

175.9

293.3

503.2

1,237.8

62.9

84.3

123.5

186.9

372.9

629.5

1,301.6

64.1

82.5

118.0

169.4

349.1

605.8

1,131.6

70.2

87.5

111.7

141.3

188.9

232.7

621.3

55.0

68.9

94.2

130.7

179.6

226.4

723.0

52.9

67.0

90.1

129.2

176.6

233.8

721.6

55.4

72.8

102.3

151.4

311.6

552.2

1,132.9

63.5

86.0

123.7

185.9

422.1

655.7

1,236.1

70.8

89.7

119.2

175.0

386.0

607.9

1,178.6

96.7

129.4

185.0

237.1

266.7

359.6

540.0

103.9

137.2

181.9

236.4

287.8

296.7

418.6

70.6

88.1

116.3

158.8

246.3

427.6

1,131.0

69.6

87.4

115.9

158.1

246.7

430.3

1,131.2

a M = male, F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE C-3 Dietary Vitamin E Intake (α-Tocopherol Equivalents, mg): Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0–6 mo

414

12.3

7.5

8.8

Standard error

 

0.3

0.3

0.3

Both sexes, 7–12 mo

579

8.5

4.1

4.8

Standard error

 

0.3

0.2

0.3

Both sexes 1–3 y

3,624

5.5

3.4

3.9

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

Both sexes, 4–8 y

4,664

7.2

4.7

5.3

Standard error

 

0.2

1.0

0.8

M, 9–13 y

1,262

9.1

5.1

6.0

Standard error

 

0.5

0.3

0.3

M, 14–18 y

938

12.0

5.9

6.8

Standard error

 

1.9

0.3

0.4

M, 19–30 y

1,960

11.6

6.8

7.9

Standard error

 

0.5

0.3

0.3

M, 31–50 y

2,611

12.1

6.3

7.6

Standard error

 

0.7

0.7

0.8

M, 51–70 y

2,029

10.6

5.3

6.3

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

M, 71+ y

1,322

9.8

4.8

5.8

Standard error

 

0.4

0.2

0.2

F, 9–13 y

1,279

7.8

4.1

4.9

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.2

F, 14–18 y

707

7.9

4.0

4.8

Standard error

 

0.5

0.2

0.3

F, 19–30 y

1,106

8.5

4.3

5.2

Standard error

 

0.4

0.3

0.4

F, 31–50 y

2,644

8.2

4.3

5.2

Standard error

 

0.3

0.3

0.3

F, 51–70 y

2,145

7.7

3.5

4.4

Standard error

 

0.3

0.3

0.3

F, 71+ y

1,436

8.0

4.1

4.9

Standard error

 

0.3

0.3

0.3

Pregnant

214

10.1

5.0

6.3

Standard error

 

1.2

0.5

0.7

Lactating

100

12.0

6.6

7.7

Standard error

 

1.5

0.6

0.8

All individuals (+P/L)

29,028

9.2

5.3

6.2

Standard error

 

0.1

0.7

0.6

All individuals

28,720

9.3

5.1

6.0

Standard error

 

0.1

0.7

0.6

NOTE: Estimated mean and standard deviation, and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of vitamin E, computed using intake from food sources alone. Dietary intake data are from NHANES III, and the distribution was adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented in Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449. Data corresponding to age groups 0–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age were not adjusted because no replicate vitamin E intake data are available for children under 3 years.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

9.5

10.7

12.2

13.7

15.2

16.1

17.8

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.6

5.3

6.4

8.2

10.3

12.1

13.1

14.8

0.4

0.5

0.4

0.6

0.8

0.7

0.6

4.1

4.7

5.3

6.1

6.9

7.4

8.5

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.3

5.7

6.3

7.1

8.1

9.0

9.6

10.9

0.7

0.5

0.3

0.3

0.6

0.9

1.5

6.5

7.5

8.8

10.4

12.0

13.2

15.7

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.7

0.8

1.1

7.6

9.2

11.3

13.8

17.2

19.7

25.4

0.5

0.8

1.2

2.3

4.2

6.0

11.4

8.5

9.8

11.4

13.2

15.0

16.1

18.4

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.7

0.8

1.0

8.4

9.9

11.7

13.9

16.3

17.8

21.3

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.9

1.0

1.3

7.0

8.4

10.1

12.4

14.9

16.6

20.7

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

1.0

6.4

7.6

9.3

11.4

13.9

15.7

20.0

0.3

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.9

1.1

1.9

5.4

6.4

7.5

9.0

10.5

11.5

13.9

0.3

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.5

5.4

6.3

7.6

9.2

10.9

12.1

14.7

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.5

5.8

6.9

8.2

9.9

11.6

12.8

15.6

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.6

0.7

0.7

2.1

5.7

6.7

8.0

9.5

11.1

12.1

14.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.5

0.6

0.9

4.9

6.0

7.4

9.1

11.0

12.3

15.1

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.5

0.7

1.1

5.4

6.4

7.7

9.3

11.0

12.2

14.7

0.3

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

7.0

8.3

9.8

11.6

13.5

14.9

18.1

0.9

1.1

1.2

1.4

1.7

1.9

2.5

8.4

9.8

11.6

13.8

16.1

17.7

21.2

0.9

1.1

1.4

1.8

2.3

2.7

3.5

6.7

7.7

9.0

10.4

11.5

12.9

14.9

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.7

1.0

1.6

6.6

7.8

8.9

10.5

12.0

13.1

15.3

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.3

0.7

0.9

1.6

a M = male, F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE C-4 Dietary α-Tocopherol Intake (mg): Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

Both sexes, 4–8 y

3,455

5.7

4.2

4.6

Standard error

 

0.1

2.2

1.8

M, 9–13 y

1,223

7.4

1.6

2.6

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.1

M, 14–18 y

913

9.9

1.5

2.6

Standard error

 

1.6

0.1

0.2

M, 19–30 y

1,905

9.6

2.1

3.6

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.2

M, 31–50 y

2,532

9.6

2.2

3.5

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.1

M, 51–70 y

1,943

8.9

1.8

2.9

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.2

M, 71+ y

1,256

8.2

1.6

2.5

Standard error

 

0.4

0.1

0.1

F, 9–13 y

1,241

6.3

1.5

2.3

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.1

F, 14–18 y

1,029

6.9

1.2

2.4

Standard error

 

0.4

0.1

0.2

F, 19–30 y

2,204

7.1

1.4

2.4

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.1

F, 31–50 y

3,060

7.4

1.7

2.8

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.1

F, 51–70 y

2,080

6.6

1.4

2.4

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.1

F, 71+ y

1,369

6.5

1.3

2.0

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.1

All individuals

29,136

7.5

3.0

3.9

Standard error

 

0.1

0.3

0.3

NOTE: Estimated mean and standard deviation, and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of vitamin E, computed using intake from food sources alone. Dietary intake data are from NHANES III, and the distribution was adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented in Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

4.8

5.2

5.6

6.1

6.6

6.9

7.5

1.5

1.0

0.3

0.7

1.7

2.4

4.0

3.3

4.4

6.4

9.2

12.4

15.5

24.9

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.7

1.2

3.3

3.5

5.3

7.7

11.4

16.2

22.0

51.9

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.9

2.8

5.6

28.2

4.4

5.9

8.5

11.9

15.6

19.2

29.3

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.7

1.1

2.4

4.4

5.9

8.4

11.9

15.9

19.8

30.7

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.7

1.9

3.7

5.1

7.5

10.8

15.1

19.5

33.3

0.2

0.3

0.2

0.5

0.6

1.0

2.7

3.2

4.3

6.5

9.8

14.3

19.2

35.6

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.4

0.9

1.6

4.3

2.9

3.9

5.6

7.7

10.1

12.6

20.0

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

1.5

2.9

3.8

5.6

8.6

11.9

15.1

27.8

0.2

0.1

0.3

0.5

0.7

1.6

4.7

3.0

4.2

6.1

8.7

11.9

15.2

24.9

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.5

0.8

2.1

3.3

4.4

6.4

9.2

12.5

14.8

24.0

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.5

1.0

1.0

2.6

2.9

3.9

5.6

8.1

11.0

14.0

24.8

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.6

1.1

3.4

2.6

3.7

5.2

7.6

11.6

15.4

26.9

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.3

0.7

1.1

3.0

4.5

5.6

7.1

9.0

11.1

12.6

16.1

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.6

1.1

a M = male, F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE C-5 Total (Diet + Supplements) Vitamin E Intake (α-Tocopherol Equivalents, mg): Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0–6 mo

414

12.6

7.4

8.6

Both sexes, 7–12 mo

579

9.3

3.9

4.9

Both sexes 1–3 y

3,624

11.5

3.4

4.2

Both sexes, 4–8 y

4,664

13.2

4.9

5.4

M, 9–13 y

1,262

13.6

5.0

6.4

M, 14–18 y

938

16.8

6.0

7.0

M, 19–30 y

1,960

22.8

6.7

8.1

M, 31–50 y

2,611

26.6

6.4

7.8

M, 51–70 y

2,029

35.3

5.3

6.5

M, 71+ y

1,322

39.9

5.1

6.2

F, 9–13 y

1,279

12.8

4.1

4.9

F, 14–18 y

707

12.2

4.3

4.9

F, 19–30 y

1,106

17.7

4.8

5.5

F, 31–50 y

2,644

30.1

4.4

5.5

F, 51–70 y

2,145

44.9

3.6

4.8

F, 71+ y

1,436

36.8

4.1

5.3

Pregnant

214

31.6

4.7

7.0

Lactating

100

29.2

7.5

8.3

All individuals (+P/L)

29,028

25.7

5.3

6.4

All individuals

28,720

25.7

5.0

6.2

NOTE: Estimated mean and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of vitamin E, computed using intakes from food and supplement sources. Dietary intake data are from NHANES III. Intakes from food were adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented by Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449. However, intakes from supplements are unadjusted, so the day-to-day variability in intakes may not have been totally removed from the data. Standard errors were not available for this data set.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

9.2

10.7

12.3

13.7

16.0

17.5

21.0

5.7

6.8

8.8

11.2

13.2

14.8

18.1

4.3

5.1

6.2

17.7

21.3

34.7

36.4

5.9

6.8

8.0

20.2

23.6

36.5

39.5

6.8

7.9

9.6

13.0

24.6

34.9

67.8

7.8

9.6

11.5

15.3

23.0

40.4

121.2

8.6

10.1

12.1

15.3

42.1

53.0

239.8

8.6

10.5

12.9

18.1

43.1

73.9

243.1

7.3

8.9

11.7

29.5

46.6

116.1

444.0

6.5

8.2

10.8

36.1

70.2

141.4

443.6

5.6

6.6

8.4

11.8

32.2

37.7

42.0

5.5

6.8

8.0

11.1

20.1

37.6

41.9

6.2

7.1

9.2

13.2

38.0

40.4

137.1

6.2

7.3

9.1

25.7

40.3

107.4

420.4

5.6

6.9

9.1

36.9

106.4

191.7

508.7

6.1

7.2

8.9

36.9

69.7

140.2

437.7

7.9

9.0

24.5

39.7

43.2

47.3

416.8

9.5

12.2

25.5

39.3

42.5

114.3

141.0

7.1

8.3

9.9

19.1

39.9

69.1

409.0

7.0

8.2

9.9

18.3

39.8

69.5

409.0

a M = male, F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE C-6 Dietary Selenium Intake (µg): Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988 –1994

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0–6 mo

793

18.8

3.2

7.7

Both sexes, 7–12 mo

827

37.4

9.1

14.7

Both sexes, 1–3 y

3,309

65.5

15.5

27.0

Both sexes, 4–8 y

3,456

86.8

48.0

58.0

Standard error

 

1.5

8.4

6.9

M, 9–13 y

1,223

116.0

57.0

70.0

Standard error

 

5.2

2.5

3.7

M, 14–18 y

914

142.7

67.0

85.0

Standard error

 

4.2

3.0

4.4

M, 19–30 y

1,906

158.5

81.0

100.0

Standard error

 

3.5

2.9

3.5

M, 31–50 y

2,536

151.1

74.0

92.0

Standard error

 

3.3

3.0

3.2

M, 51–70 y

1,946

133.7

64.0

80.0

Standard error

 

2.6

1.9

1.9

M, 71+ y

1,257

112.0

57.0

69.0

Standard error

 

2.0

1.4

1.5

F, 9–13 y

1,241

91.9

53.0

63.0

Standard error

 

1.4

1.6

1.4

F, 14–18 y

697

87.9

44.0

54.0

Standard error

 

3.1

2.4

2.5

F, 19–30 y

1,084

103.3

52.0

62.0

Standard error

 

8.8

2.4

3.2

F, 31–50 y

2,587

100.5

55.0

66.0

Standard error

 

2.2

2.5

2.8

F, 51–70 y

2,080

93.7

51.0

61.0

Standard error

 

1.7

2.3

2.3

F, 71+ y

1,370

83.3

46.0

55.0

Standard error

 

1.7

1.0

1.0

Pregnant

211

115.9

60.0

73.0

Standard error

 

6.4

5.6

5.3

Lactating

9 6

139.2

86.0

99.0

Standard error

 

8.3

6.1

6.8

All individuals (+P/L)

27,528

113.7

43.0

57.0

Standard error

 

1.1

1.9

1.7

All individuals

27,226

113.5

43.0

57.0

Standard error

 

1.1

1.9

1.8

NOTE: Estimated mean and standard deviation, and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of selenium, computed using intake from food sources alone. Dietary intake data are from NHANES III, and the distribution was adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented in Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449. Data corresponding to age groups 0–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age not adjusted because no replicate selenium intake data are available for children under 3 years.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

9.8

13.5

17.0

22.2

29.9

36.0

56.9

17.1

23.4

32.2

46.9

64.4

75.1

109.9

33.4

45.4

61.1

80.5

101.7

121.7

155.7

63.0

73.0

85.0

99.0

113.0

122.0

142.0

5.9

3.9

1.7

3.1

7.1

10.1

17.1

78.0

93.0

112.0

134.0

159.0

176.0

216.0

5.0

5.2

3.6

7.3

13.6

14.7

27.6

95.0

114.0

138.0

166.0

196.0

216.0

258.0

5.3

5.3

3.8

4.9

5.9

7.5

19.2

111.0

131.0

154.0

181.0

211.0

231.0

276.0

3.8

3.9

3.6

3.8

4.7

5.4

7.4

102.0

121.0

146.0

175.0

206.0

228.0

280.0

3.1

2.9

3.4

4.0

5.3

7.0

12.3

89.0

105.0

128.0

155.0

186.0

208.0

261.0

1.9

1.9

2.3

3.1

5.3

7.5

14.1

77.0

91.0

108.0

129.0

152.0

167.0

202.0

1.6

1.7

1.9

2.5

3.5

4.5

7.0

69.0

79.0

90.0

104.0

117.0

125.0

143.0

1.3

1.3

1.4

1.6

2.1

2.6

3.8

61.0

72.0

86.0

101.0

118.0

129.0

153.0

2.6

2.8

3.1

3.5

4.2

4.8

6.6

68.0

81.0

99.0

120.0

143.0

159.0

200.0

4.0

4.3

8.0

11.5

18.1

22.1

39.0

72.0

83.0

98.0

115.0

132.0

144.0

170.0

2.6

2.1

2.1

2.7

4.0

5.9

9.4

68.0

78.0

92.0

107.0

123.0

133.0

157.0

2.3

2.0

1.7

1.9

2.7

3.4

5.4

61.0

70.0

82.0

94.0

108.0

117.0

138.0

1.0

1.1

1.4

2.1

3.1

4.1

7.1

81.0

95.0

113.0

134.0

154.0

167.0

194.0

5.3

5.8

6.6

7.8

9.1

10.1

12.5

107.0

121.0

137.0

156.0

174.0

186.0

209.0

7.3

7.9

8.7

9.3

10.2

10.9

13.1

66.0

83.0

106.0

136.0

170.0

194.0

250.0

1.3

1.1

1.2

1.5

2.4

4.2

8.2

66.0

83.0

106.0

136.0

170.0

193.0

250.0

1.3

1.1

1.2

1.5

2.5

4.2

8.2

a M = male, F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE C-7 Total (Diet + Supplements) Selenium Intake (µg): Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988 –1994

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

Both sexes, 0–6 mo

793

35.3

17.2

24.0

Both sexes, 7–12 mo

827

49.7

25.7

31.8

Both sexes, 1–3 y

3,309

69.2

32.7

43.3

Both sexes, 4–8 y

3,456

87.0

49.4

58.2

M, 9–13 y

1,223

116.6

58.2

72.4

M, 14–18 y

914

143.8

68.7

87.9

M, 19–30 y

1,906

160.9

81.6

103.4

M, 31–50 y

2,536

154.1

74.2

94.3

M, 51–70 y

1,946

136.2

65.8

80.9

M, 71+ y

1,257

116.4

57.8

71.4

F, 9–13 y

1,241

92.5

53.6

65.3

F, 14–18 y

697

88.7

41.6

56.4

F, 19–30 y

1,084

105.1

53.9

63.9

F, 31–50 y

2,587

103.5

56.7

67.0

F, 51–70 y

2,080

98.4

53.6

63.3

F, 71+ y

1,370

87.7

47.0

56.5

Pregnant

211

123.9

52.0

82.5

Lactating

96

132.9

79.3

97.4

All individual (+P/L)

27,528

116.1

42.9

57.7

All individuals

27,226

116.0

43.1

57.8

NOTE: Estimated mean and standard deviation, and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of selenium, computed using intakes from food and supplement sources. Dietary intake data are from NHANES III. Intakes from food were adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented by Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distribution. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449. However, intakes from supplements are unadjusted, so the day-to-day variability in takes may not have been totally removed from the data. Standard errors were not available for this data set.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

26.4

30.7

34.2

39.3

45.2

49.1

66.9

34.3

40.5

46.9

56.0

68.5

77.1

99.7

47.5

55.1

66.4

80.4

93.4

107.0

126.5

63.3

73.0

84.8

98.8

113.3

122.2

139.7

79.1

92.8

111.1

136.2

160.6

172.5

203.1

98.7

115.0

139.3

167.0

195.6

219.0

263.1

114.8

131.7

156.1

184.3

213.4

233.6

291.1

103.0

123.2

147.8

178.5

209.4

235.9

286.4

89.9

106.3

129.9

156.6

189.8

215.9

256.9

79.2

92.3

112.1

134.1

157.5

173.2

222.2

69.9

78.2

91.2

105.0

116.7

124.1

150.9

62.3

71.9

87.3

103.4

119.0

130.2

159.3

68.0

81.7

101.0

122.7

150.3

159.5

184.9

72.5

84.6

100.2

119.0

136.9

147.9

178.4

68.7

80.6

95.8

112.5

128.7

142.5

174.8

61.7

71.0

84.6

100.2

115.1

128.2

160.1

86.8

97.4

118.0

146.8

180.5

186.1

199.1

101.4

110.5

131.6

154.4

168.4

169.8

203.5

67.3

84.6

108.6

139.5

175.4

197.8

250.3

67.4

84.6

108.5

139.1

175.0

197.6

250.4

a M = male, F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page416
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page417
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page418
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page419
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page420
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page421
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page422
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page423
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page424
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page425
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page426
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page427
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page428
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page429
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page430
Suggested Citation:"C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page431
Next: D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996 »
Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $61.00 Buy Hardback | $74.95
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the newest framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists.

This book discusses in detail the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and the carotenoids in human physiology and health. For each nutrient the committee presents what is known about how it functions in the human body, which factors may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease.

Dietary Reference Intakes provides reference intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for different groups based on age and gender, along with a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), designed to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!