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Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids (2000)

Chapter:D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996

« Previous: C Dietary Intake Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994
Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

D

Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996

TABLE D-1 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Vitamin C (mg), CSFII, 1994–1996

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

0 to 6 mo

209

85.5

4.0

15.0

Standard error

 

4.6

1.5

4.4

7 to 12 mo

139

114.1

21.0

41.0

Standard error

 

5.2

7.4

7.9

1 to 3 y

1,908

98.0

23.0

35.0

Standard error

 

2.3

1.3

2.3

4 to 8 y

1,711

96.5

27.0

40.0

Standard error

 

2.0

1.8

1.9

M, 9 to 13 y

574

107.1

35.0

49.0

Standard error

 

5.0

4.1

4.3

M, 14 to 18 y

474

119.2

21.0

35.0

Standard error

 

7.2

2.1

2.7

M, 19 to 30 y

920

118.6

21.0

35.0

Standard error

 

5.7

2.0

2.6

M, 31 to 50 y

1,806

105.7

17.0

29.0

Standard error

 

3.7

3.5

4.2

M, 51 to 70 y

1,680

107.8

15.0

28.0

Standard error

 

2.2

1.2

1.5

M, 71+ y

722

101.9

10.0

21.0

Standard error

 

3.3

1.6

2.5

Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

25.0

46.0

75.0

112.0

158.0

192.0

273.0

3.4

7.0

4.9

7.4

16.7

24.5

31.2

54.0

77.0

106.0

141.0

183.0

215.0

293.0

v7.5

6.5

5.9

6.9

10.0

14.2

28.9

44.0

63.0

90.0

125.0

162.0

188.0

245.0

2.6

2.2

2.4

3.0

4.3

5.9

8.5

49.0

66.0

90.0

120.0

153.0

176.0

227.0

1.9

1.8

1.9

2.5

3.9

5.2

8.4

58.0

76.0

100.0

131.0

165.0

188.0

239.0

4.3

4.4

4.8

6.3

9.1

11.6

18.0

46.0

69.0

104.0

153.0

211.0

254.0

351.0

3.0

4.0

6.0

9.7

15.2

19.7

31.4

46.0

68.0

104.0

152.0

211.0

253.0

352.0

3.0

3.9

5.3

7.3

13.0

19.9

42.3

39.0

60.0

92.0

137.0

191.0

229.0

313.0

4.2

3.5

3.0

5.7

8.7

10.9

19.6

37.0

59.0

93.0

141.0

197.0

237.0

329.0

1.7

1.9

2.2

2.8

4.2

5.6

9.8

31.0

54.0

89.0

135.0

189.0

228.0

320.0

2.4

2.5

3.9

4.7

9.5

9.8

33.8

Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE D-1 Continued

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

F, 9 to 13 y

586

93.8

20.0

32.0

Standard error

 

3.9

2.3

2.7

F, 14 to 18 y

449

91.2

21.0

32.0

Standard error

 

5.1

2.9

3.4

F, 19 to 30 y

808

85.1

22.0

33.0

Standard error

 

3.6

2.8

3.0

F, 31 to 50 y

1,690

86.0

15.0

26.0

Standard error

 

2.3

0.9

1.1

F, 51 to 70 y

1,605

97.1

17.0

28.0

Standard error

 

11.2

3.8

1.6

F, 71+ y

670

94.3

15.0

27.0

Standard error

 

5.7

2.9

4.7

F, Pregnant

80

132.9

27.0

44.0

Standard error

 

13.7

9.5

10.2

F, Lactating

43

134.2

14.0

29.0

Standard error

 

21.9

9.6

12.8

All Individuals

15,951

99.7

17.0

29.0

Standard error

 

1.3

0.6

1.6

All Individuals (+P/L)

16,075

100.1

17.0

29.0

Standard error

 

1.3

0.8

1.5

NOTE: Estimated mean and standard deviation, and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of vitamin C, computed using intake from food sources alone. Dietary intake data are from CSFII, and the distribution was adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented in Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449. Data corresponding to age groups 0–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age were not adjusted because no replicate vitamin C intake data are available for children under 3 years.

Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

41.0

58.0

85.0

119.0

158.0

187.0

250.0

2.9

3.1

3.6

5.2

8.3

11.0

18.5

40.0

57.0

82.0

115.0

154.0

181.0

243.0

3.5

3.8

4.6

6.7

10.7

14.2

23.6

40.0

56.0

78.0

107.0

139.0

161.0

211.0

3.0

3.0

3.3

4.9

7.8

10.3

16.7

33.0

50.0

76.0

111.0

152.0

181.0

248.0

1.2

1.5

2.1

3.1

4.7

6.1

9.8

36.0

55.0

86.0

127.0

173.0

203.0

270.0

1.7

2.4

6.8

22.3

32.9

33.6

26.3

36.0

57.0

86.0

122.0

162.0

189.0

252.0

4.2

3.5

8.8

8.5

6.6

8.1

22.7

56.0

81.0

119.0

169.0

228.0

269.0

365.0

10.4

10.7

12.6

19.3

30.8

40.6

66.1

40.0

66.0

111.0

176.0

258.0

320.0

467.0

14.5

17.3

21.1

30.4

50.8

70.8

128.0

38.0

57.0

87.0

128.0

177.0

212.0

299.0

1.4

1.1

2.3

2.1

5.9

6.5

6.7

38.0

57.0

88.0

129.0

178.0

214.0

301.0

1.4

1.2

2.4

2.0

5.6

6.1

7.4

a M = male; F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

TABLE D-2 Mean and Percentiles for Usual Intake of Vitamin E (α-Tocopherol Equivalents, mg), CSFII, 1994–1996

Sexa and Age

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

0 to 6 mo

209

10.7

0.4

1.5

Standard error

 

0.5

0.1

0.3

7 to 12 mo

139

10.3

1.0

2.8

Standard error

 

0.6

0.4

0.4

1 to 3 y

1,908

4.7

1.9

2.5

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

4 to 8 y

1,711

5.8

3.1

3.7

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

M, 9 to 13 y

574

8.1

3.4

4.4

Standard error

 

0.4

0.2

0.2

M, 14 to 18 y

474

9.3

3.9

5.1

Standard error

 

0.3

0.3

0.3

M, 19 to 30 y

920

10.3

3.9

5.1

Standard error

 

0.3

0.2

0.3

M, 31 to 50 y

1,806

10.2

3.7

4.9

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.1

M, 51 to 70 y

1,680

9.6

3.1

4.4

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.1

M, 71+ y

722

8.6

2.2

3.3

Standard error

 

0.3

0.1

0.1

F, 9 to 13 y

586

6.9

3.3

4.1

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

F, 14 to 18 y

449

7.0

3.7

4.5

Standard error

 

0.3

0.6

0.5

F, 19 to 30 y

808

7.1

3.2

4.0

Standard error

 

0.2

0.2

0.2

F, 31 to 50 y

1,690

7.4

2.8

3.7

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.1

F, 51 to 70 y

1,605

7.0

2.4

3.4

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

F, 71+ y

670

6.4

2.1

2.9

Standard error

 

0.2

0.1

0.1

F, Pregnant

80

7.8

3.9

4.7

Standard error

 

0.7

1.1

0.9

F, Lactating

43

9.1

3.5

4.5

Standard error

 

1.1

1.0

1.0

All Individuals

15,951

8.1

2.4

3.5

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

All Individuals (+P/L)

16,075

8.1

2.4

3.5

Standard error

 

0.1

0.1

0.1

NOTE: Estimated mean and standard deviation, and selected percentiles of the usual intake distribution of vitamin E, computed using intake from food sources alone. Dietary intake data are from CSFII, and the distribution was adjusted using C-SIDE and the method presented in Nusser SM, Carriquiry AL, Dodd KW, Fuller WA. 1996. A semiparametric transformation approach to estimating usual daily intake distributions. J Am Stat Assoc 91:1440–1449. Data corresponding to age groups 0–6 months, 7–12 months, and 1–3 years of age were not adjusted because no replicate vitamin E intake data are available for children under 3 years.

Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×

10th

25th

50th

75th

90th

95th

99th

3.1

6.7

10.5

14.2

18.3

21.1

26.7

0.4

0.6

0.7

0.6

0.9

1.4

2.1

4.0

6.4

9.7

13.5

17.3

19.8

24.8

0.5

0.5

0.6

0.8

1.1

1.3

2.0

2.8

3.5

4.4

5.6

7.0

8.1

10.8

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.6

4.0

4.7

5.6

6.7

7.9

8.7

10.5

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.5

4.9

6.0

7.5

9.5

11.9

13.8

18.4

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.5

0.8

1.2

2.8

5.8

7.2

8.9

11.0

13.2

14.8

18.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.9

5.9

7.4

9.5

12.3

15.5

17.9

23.7

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.5

1.0

1.4

2.9

5.7

7.2

9.3

12.2

15.7

18.4

25.4

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.6

1.0

2.2

5.1

6.6

8.7

11.5

15.0

17.7

25.0

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.6

0.9

1.9

4.1

5.5

7.5

10.4

14.3

17.6

26.9

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.8

1.3

3.0

4.5

5.4

6.6

8.0

9.7

11.0

14.0

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.7

1.3

4.9

5.8

6.9

8.1

9.4

10.2

12.1

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.8

1.1

1.8

4.5

5.5

6.7

8.3

10.0

11.2

14.0

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.6

1.0

4.3

5.3

6.8

8.8

11.1

12.8

17.2

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.4

0.6

1.1

3.9

5.1

6.5

8.4

10.6

12.3

16.3

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.8

3.4

4.4

5.8

7.7

10.0

11.9

17.0

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.8

1.7

5.3

6.3

7.5

9.0

10.6

11.6

13.7

0.8

0.6

0.6

1.0

1.7

2.2

3.3

5.2

6.5

8.4

10.9

13.8

15.9

20.9

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.5

2.5

3.4

6.0

4.1

5.4

7.2

9.7

13.0

15.6

22.3

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.7

0.9

0.9

4.1

5.4

7.2

9.7

13.0

15.6

22.3

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.7

0.9

0.9

a M = male; F = female.

SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page432
Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page433
Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page434
Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page435
Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page436
Suggested Citation:"D Dietary Intake Data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996." Institute of Medicine. 2000. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9810.
×
Page437
Next: E Canadian Dietary Intake Data, 1993, 1995 »
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This volume is the newest release in the authoritative series of quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes to be used for planning and assessing diets for healthy people. Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) is the newest framework for an expanded approach developed by U.S. and Canadian scientists.

This book discusses in detail the role of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and the carotenoids in human physiology and health. For each nutrient the committee presents what is known about how it functions in the human body, which factors may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease.

Dietary Reference Intakes provides reference intakes, such as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), for use in planning nutritionally adequate diets for different groups based on age and gender, along with a new reference intake, the Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), designed to assist an individual in knowing how much is "too much" of a nutrient.

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