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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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Time-Use Measurement and Research

Report of a Workshop

Committee on National Statistics

Michele Ver Ploeg, Joseph Altonji, Norman Bradburn, Julie DaVanzo, William Nordhaus, and Francisco Samaniego, Editors

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

The project that is the subject of this report is supported by Contract SES-9709489 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Labor and the National Institute of Aging. Support of the work of the Committee on National Statistics is provided by a consortium of federal agencies through a grant from the National Science Foundation (Number SBR-9709489). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

International Standard Book Number 0-309-07092-9

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Copyright 2000 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Suggested citation: National Research Council (2000) Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Committee on National Statistics. Michele Ver Ploeg, Joseph Altonji, Norman Bradburn, Julie DaVanzo, William Nordhaus, and Francisco Samaniego, Editors. Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

National Academy of Sciences

National Academy of Engineering

Institute of Medicine

National Research Council

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL STATISTICS 1999-2000

JOHN E. ROLPH (Chair),

Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California

JOSEPH G. ALTONJI,

Department of Economics, Northwestern University

LAWRENCE D. BROWN,

Department of Statistics, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

JULIE DAVANZO,

RAND, Santa Monica, California

WILLIAM F. EDDY,

Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University

HERMANN HABERMANN,

Statistics Division, United Nations

WILLIAM KALSBEEK,

Survey Research Unit, Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina

RODERICK J.A. LITTLE,

School of Public Health, University of Michigan

THOMAS A. LOUIS,

Division of Biostatistics, University of Minnesota School of Public Health

CHARLES F. MANSKI,

Department of Economics, Northwestern University

WILLIAM NORDHAUS,

Department of Economics, Yale University

EDWARD B. PERRIN,

Department of Health Services, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington

FRANCISCO J. SAMANIEGO,

Division of Statistics, University of California, Davis

RICHARD L. SCHMALENSEE,

Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MATTHEW D. SHAPIRO,

Department of Economics and Survey Research Center, University of Michigan

ANDREW A. WHITE, Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS

Presenters and Discussants

Julie DaVanzo (Chair), RAND, Santa Monica, California*

Katharine Abraham, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Joseph G. Altonji, Northwestern University*

Lorna Bailie, Statistics Canada, Ottawa

Suzanne Bianchi, University of Maryland

Michael Bittman, University of New South Wales, Australia

Rebecca M. Blank, U.S. Council of Economic Advisers

Norman Bradburn, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago

Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Columbia University

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, University of Chicago

Nancy Folbre, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Daniel Hamermesh, University of Texas, Austin

Anna Regula Herzog, University of Michigan

Sandra Hofferth, University of Michigan

Michael Horrigan, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Dale Jorgenson, Harvard University

F. Thomas Juster, University of Michigan

J. Steven Landefeld, Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce

Robert Michael, University of Chicago

William Nordhaus, Yale University*

Robert A. Pollak, Washington University

John P. Robinson, University of Maryland

John E. Rolph, University of Southern California*

Francisco J. Samaniego, University of California, Davis*

Jack E. Triplett, Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.

Linda J. Waite, University of Chicago

Jiri Zuzanek, University of Waterloo, Canada

Other Participants

Donald M. Bay, National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Nancy Crowell, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council

*  

Member, Committee on National Statistics

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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Cathryn Dippo, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Vincent Fang, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation

Barbara Fraumeni, Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce

Jack Galvin, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Caren Grown, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, Illinois

Nora Gordon, U.S. Council of Economic Advisers

Kenneth Hanson, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Andrew Harvey, Saint Mary’s University, Canada

Diane Herz, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Jennifer Holmstead, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Bradford R. Huther, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce

Mary Joyce, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Ken Kaplan, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce

Kevin Kinsella, Committee on Population, National Research Council

Michele Kipke, Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council

Deborah Klein, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Heather Koball, University of North Carolina

Edward Kokkelenberg, Binghamton University

Marilyn Manser, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Stephanie McCulla, Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce

William Mockovak, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Daniel H. Newlon, U.S. National Science Foundation

Stanley Presser, University of Maryland

Cordelia Reimers, U.S. Council of Economic Advisers

Edwin Robison, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Philip L. Rones, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Kathleen Scholl, U.S. General Accounting Office

Ashish Sen, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation

Stephanie Shipp, Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce

James Spletzer, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Jay Stewart, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Linda Stinson, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Miron L. Straf, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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Richard Suzman, National Institute on Aging

Barbara Torrey, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council

Clyde Tucker, Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

Stephen Vogel, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Staff

Michele Ver Ploeg, Study Director

Connie Citro, Staff Officer

Telissia Thompson, Senior Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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Acknowledgments

On behalf of the Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) and its subcommittee on the time-use workshop, I would like to thank the many people who generously contributed to the organization of the workshop and preparation of this summary. I first thank all the workshop participants, who presented interesting, high-quality papers, prepared formal discussions of the papers or who contributed to the exciting informal discussion at the workshop. I would like to recognize the contributions of my fellow subcommittee members, Joseph Altonji, Norman Bradburn, William Nordhaus, and Francisco Samaniego, for the time and terrific ideas they contributed to the planning of the workshop and to the preparation of this summary. Special thanks are extended as well to F. Thomas Juster and Robert A. Pollak for commenting on early versions of the workshop summary. Several staff members should be commended for their efforts towards the conduct of the workshop and the completion of this report: Telissia Thompson, senior project assistant, skillfully coordinated the workshop logistics and Jamie Casey, project assistant, carefully prepared this report for publication. The subcommittee wants particularly to acknowledge its tremendous gratitude to Michele Ver Ploeg, who was the study director for this workshop. The successful conduct of the workshop and completion of this report are in large part due to Shelly’s diligent and skillful efforts. The committee is also grateful to Eugenia Grohman, associate director for reports in the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, for her editing. The Bureau of Labor Statistics, the National Institute of Aging, and TIAA/CREF sponsored the workshop; we are grateful for their support.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the National Research Council. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: W. Keith Bryant, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University; Paula England, Department of Sociology and Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania; Chris Jackson, National Accounts and Environment Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa; Reed Larson, Department of Human and Community Development, University of Illinois, Champaign/Urbana; Kenneth Shepsle, Department of Government, Harvard University; Frank Stafford, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.

Although the individuals listed above provided constructive comments and suggestions, it must be emphasized that responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Julie DaVanzo, Chair

Time-Use Workshop Subcommittee

Committee on National Statistics

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2000. Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9866.
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Time-Use Measurement and Research: Report of a Workshop Get This Book
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One of the most substantial policy changes in the past decade was the elimination of the main social welfare program for poor families, Aid to Families with Dependent Children, ending the entitlement to cash benefits and replacing it with a policy emphasizing work. A question relevant for understanding the consequences of this policy change is how the time allocation among work and family care activities of poor families has changed.

President Clinton's proposed budget for fiscal 2001 includes funds for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to develop a survey to measure how Americans spend their time (U.S. Department of Labor, 2000). BLS has already explored the feasibility of such a survey. In 1997, a pilot study that collected time-use data for a sample of Americans was conducted, and the results of that study were presented at a 1997 conference sponsored by BLS and the MacArthur Network on the Family and the Economy. Using knowledge gained from the pilot study and the conference, BLS published a report on the feasibility of a national time-use survey and developed a proposal to conduct the survey.

Time-Use Measurement and Research is a summary of a workshop convened to consider data and methodological issues in measuring time use. This report discusses why time-use data are needed, highlighting many of policy and behavioral applications of time-use data. It also summarizes conceptual issues covered during the workshop, discusses a framework for how individuals and households allocate their time, and comments on some conceptual issues in measuring time use.

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