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Research Needs: Statement by the Workshop Chair
Pages 63-67

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From page 63...
... developing and evaluating interventions to prevent the victimization of people with developmental disabilities and programs to assist those who are victimized to cope with the effects of victimization. Research designed to answer the following questions would begin to fill the gaps in the knowledge about crime victims with developmental disabilities: · What is the nature and extent of the problem' What personal, behavioral, and developmental characteristics identify victims and perpetrators?
From page 64...
... · What programs reduce the incidence of abuse and violence, and how might they best be implemented, evaluated, and funded' Answering these questions would require a series of incremental research projects aimed at developing the required knowledge base. This endeavor would involve research devoted to survey methodology, research on the interaction of victims with developmental disabilities and the criminal justice system, research on treating victims with developmental disabilities, and research on preventing their victimization.
From page 65...
... Research could test ways of improving proxy respondent interviews and examine alternate methods, such as use of free drawing by the victims with developmental disabilities, and other methods that have been demonstrated to overcome communication barriers. · Interviewer training.
From page 66...
... Resources that are available to the public as victims of crime may be less available to those with developmental disabilities. The following victim assistance services could be considered when attempting to serve victims with disabilities: counseling, transportation to court, escorts to court, hearing enhancement devices in court, follow-along services to enable victims to understand court scheduling and proceedings, help with arranging medical treatment following victimization, alternative dispute resolution services, and access to individuals in environments such as nursing homes to monitor possible victimization.
From page 67...
... These efforts often involve training persons with developmental disabilities how to avoid dangerous situations. Evaluations of the effectiveness of such programs in reducing victimization are critical to ensuring the safety of people with developmental disabilities.

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