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1. Climate, Climate Forcings, Climate Sensitivity, and Transient Climate Change
Pages 6-7

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From page 6...
... The consequences from such forcings are often then expressed as the change in average global temperature, and the conversion factor from forcing to temperature change is the sensitivity of Earth's climate system. Although some forcings volcanic plumes, for example are not global in nature and temperature change may also not be uniform, comparisons of the strengths of individual forcings, over comparable areas, are useful for estimating the relative importance of the various processes that may cause climate change.
From page 7...
... 7 TRANSIENT CLIMATE CHANGE Climate fluctuates in the absence of any change in forcing, just as weather fluctuates from day to day. Climate also responds in a systematic way to climate forcings, but the response can be slow because the ocean requires time to warm (or cool)

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