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4. Program Overview
Pages 78-83

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From page 78...
... The primary motivation for this effort came from a rising concern for the nation's rapidly increasing energy consumption, the threats to economic and political security from supply disruptions and price spikes in oil, and the increasing competition in the automotive industry from foreign companies. Three specific goals of the PNGV followed directly from the overall purpose at the start of the partnership in 1993: (1)
From page 79...
... There is also an implication that, if these lower-fuel-economy vehicles continue to dominate market share, the fleet average fuel economy will continue to decline. Also, the promulgation of Tier 2 emission requirements by the EPA potentially increases fuel consumption of all new cars and will postpone or possibly preclude the widespread use of diesel engines in light-duty vehicles in the United States.
From page 80...
... For this to occur, the high-efficiency PNGV technologies and their associated manufacturing processes will have to be incorporated in cars sold in the United States by foreign manufacturers as well. Notwithstanding these questions of scope and definition, the committee believes that the Goal 1 activities in the PNGV to date have been quite successful as detailed in earlier reports (NRC, 1999, 2000~.
From page 81...
... If the program goal were refocused on reducing total new light-duty vehicle petroleum consumption, this would encourage emphasis to be placed on those vehicles that offer the greatest potential for achieving this societal goal. For better public understanding, the overall fuel consumption reduction could be translated into a
From page 82...
... Furthermore, the committee believes that it is inappropriate to include the process of building production prototypes in a precompetitive, cooperative industry-government program. The timing and construction of such vehicles is too intimately tied to the proprietary aspects of each company's core business to have this work scheduled and conducted as part of a joint, public activity.
From page 83...
... The committee believes that, overall, the PNGV program is an excellent example of how long-range societal goals can be effectively addressed by the efforts of a collaborative, precompetitive government-industry R&D partnership. It is hoped that future activity will build on this program's success and enhance its effectiveness with lessons learned from the past several years.

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