Skip to main content

Currently Skimming:

4. Environmental Costs and Benefits
Pages 39-41

The Chapter Skim interface presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter.
Select key terms on the right to highlight them within pages of the chapter.

From page 39...
... However, they often involve expensive, lengthy adversarial processes in which both environmental advocates and aviation interests expend a great deal of resources to manage the process, rather than taking direct action to reduce environmental impacts. Another, nonadversarial approach to reducing the environmental impacts of aviation would be the creation of financial incentives for industry to do more than regulatory standards require.
From page 40...
... For example, Part 161.305 of the Federal Aviation Regulations requires that airport operators proposing aircraft operating restrictions provide evidence that "other available remedies FOR GREENER SKIES: REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF AVIATION are infeasible or would be less cost-effective" than the policy being proposed. Economic Costs of Noise As discussed in Chapter 2, community resistance to noise begins somewhere between 55 and 65 dB DNL, with the higher level being the current definition for noise-affected populations applied by both the FAA and the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the lower level suggested by the EPA.
From page 41...
... One approach for dealing with the impact of aviation on local air quality would be to include aviation in economywide pollution trading programs. Allowing aviation operators and entities from other industries to trade pollution permits could significantly reduce the total cost of meeting local emissions goals (FESG, 2001~.

This material may be derived from roughly machine-read images, and so is provided only to facilitate research.
More information on Chapter Skim is available.