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Pages 9-14

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From page 9...
... The longer-lived nuclides resulted in essentially permanent changes in the ambient or natural radiation background throughout much of the world, whereas the shorter-lived radionuclides contributed to dose primarily in regions near the test sites. The amount of debris injected into the atmosphere and hence the later fallout associated with a particular test and its geographic distribution were fimctions of local arid test-specific factors—such as height, yield, and material in the v~cinity3—and of the meteorologic conditions prevailing at the time of the test (see, e.g., Beck arid Bennett, 2002, Carter and Moghissi, 1977)
From page 10...
... China All 22 21 21 France All 45 10 10 | United Kingdom ChristmasIsland 6 7 8 | Others 15 1 United States Nevada 86 1 154 Marshall Islands 69 109 Christmas Island 24 23 Johnston Atoll 12 21 Others 6 0.1 Former USSR Novaya Zemlya 91 239 247 Semipalatinsk 116 7 | Others 12 1 L Totals 543a 440 l aincludes 22 safety tests of the United States, 12 safety tests of the United Kingdom, and five safety tests of France not listed above. The feasibility study under review did not consider all the weapons tests indicated In Table 1 but was restricted to aboveground tests during 1951-1962, so it embraces only the atmospheric weapons tests conducted by the United States, the former USSR, and the United Kingdom.
From page 11...
... 5 Appendix E of the feasibility study is based on an electronic database produced from an earlier draft of Appendix D in which deposition-density estimates for HI and 239~p were not made. The internal dose estimates include the effects of daughter nuclides produced in the body.
From page 12...
... , 133, 135 Te-132 Cs-136, 137 Ba-140 La-140 Ce-141, 143, 144 0'r-144a) Pr-143 Nd-147 Pm-147 Np-239 Pu-239, 240, 241 Am-241 aIn equilibrium with parent Half-life (parent)
From page 13...
... ·__0 THE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL'S INVOLVEMENT On March 27, 2002, the National Research Council was asked by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to review the CDC-NCT draft of A Feasibility Study of the Health Consequences to the American Population from Nuclear Weapons Tests CorldFucted by the United States and Other Nations.
From page 14...
... Do the Options for Future Work presented In Chapter 6 represent an appropriate range of options for public-health activities that could be pursued as a result of this study? " To that end, the National Research Council formed a committee, the Committee to Review the CDC-NCT Feasibility Study of the Health Consequences from Nuclear Weapons Tests, consisting of members of its Committee on An Assessment of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Radiation Studies from DOE Contractor Sites and other experts.

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