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1. Introduction
Pages 19-22

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From page 19...
... The two events share a common feature; a combination of factors is the driving force behind each. The increasingly interconnected and fast-paced world of transcontinental commerce and international travel has made any nation susceptible to the infectious diseases that occur incessantly outside its borders.
From page 20...
... Between 1996 and 1999, however, three major epidemics in urban areas (southern Romania, the Volga region of southern Russia, and the northeastern United States) resulted in hundreds of cases of severe neurological disease and fatal infection from West Nile virus, suggesting a change in the pathogen's virulence.
From page 21...
... The global security threat from AIDS will only increase as other densely populated nations, such as India and China, continue to struggle with the pandemic. This report is the successor to a 1992 Institute of Medicine report, Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States, that first examined the impact of new and reemerging infectious diseases on the United States.
From page 22...
... The scope of this report is limited to infectious diseases that have a direct effect on human health. The committee acknowledges that infectious diseases in animals and agriculture can have indirect effects on human health (e.g., reductions in available food sources, economic and psychological hardships in food animal producers due to culling)

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