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Strengthening the S&E Workforce
Pages 13-17

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From page 13...
... , for example, the hiring process has been deliberately changer! to bring more underrepresented minorities to the faculty.32 Summer undergraduate research fellowships provide one avenue of approach to attract students.
From page 14...
... Their funds require a 100 percent match from a non-fecleral source.33 These centers reach back into the K-12 school pipeline, building interest and offering incentives, such as the Eisenhower Fellows program, which provides grants for master's degree candidates and for some undergraduates. While only a few go on to work directly for DOT, 92 percent stay in transportation, which is the progam's broader goal.34 Other federal agencies sponsor similar programs.
From page 15...
... One is the new federal Cyber Service program, which strengthens essential new fields, such as information assurance, through scholarships, stipends, and internships. This requires pinpointing disciplines or sub-clisciplines with potential workforce shortfalls, such as aerospace and nuclear engineering.
From page 16...
... Better data would inform policy-making and provide information for more effective funding investment. For instance, it would be useful to follow various cohorts—postdoctoral graduates, community college students, and middle school pupils to uncover the points at which students in the SHE pipeline leave, and why.
From page 17...
... During the l990s, federal agencies' share of total R&D fiends declined significantly, from approximately 40 percent of total to below 30 percent.38 Federal agencies are now trying to increase funding. The lesson to learn is that consistent federal R&D funding is more important than the micromanagement of research.

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