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Appendix A: Federal Investments in Education Research: A Sobering History
Pages 121-126

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From page 121...
... lohnson's Great Society program and then again during the Nixon administration. In 1964 Johnson established a President's Task Force on Education, chaired by John Gardner, then president of the Carnegie Corporation and later to become secretary of the U.S.
From page 122...
... It would also be essential that each laboratory have some kind of affiliation with a neighboring university. The major "innovation" proposed in the Gardner report was federal aid for the establishment of large-scare national education laboratories, which would develop and disseminate ideas and programs for improving educational practices throughout the country (Gardner, 1964~: There should be at least a dozen major laboratories and perhaps two or three dozen more that are specialized or less ambitious in scope.
From page 123...
... . The idea was for NIE to link educational research and experimentation across federal agencies to "the attainment of particular national educational goals." The president's message made clear that the institute would devise its own agendasetting priorities, taking the lead in measurement of education output, developing a coherent approach, serving as an objective national body, and evaluating new departures in teaching.
From page 124...
... The committee also learned that the Department of Education probably differs from other agencies through which the federal government invests in education research (e.g., the National Science Foundation, the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, the Office of Naval Research, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) in which the perspectives and actions of researchers appear to be a steadier guide to progress" (emphasis added)
From page 125...
... . As a 1994 National Research Council report on the Office of Education Research and Improvement described in some detail, the funding available for education research and development has lagged far behind federal funding for research in agriculture, health, defense, and transportation, based on whatever measure one might choose (National Research Council, 1992:95-106~.
From page 126...
... National Research Council 1992 Research and Education Reform: Roles for the Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Committee on the Federal Role in Education Research.

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