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1. Introduction
Pages 14-19

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From page 14...
... The 1992 EPA Science Advisory Board report Safeguarding the Future: Credib1/te Science, Credib1/te Decisions concluded that EPA needs its own strong science base to provide the background required for effective environmental protection programs. Similarly, Bui1/~ding a Foundation for Sound Environmenta1/l Decisions, the 1997 report ofthe National Research Council's Committee on Research Opportunities for EPA (NRC 1997)
From page 15...
... Those terms were coined by the National Research Council committee that wrote Bui1/~ding a Foundation for Sound Environmenta1/t Decisions, which recommended that EPA's research program maintain a balance between problem-driven research, targeted at understanding and solving particular identified environmental problems and reducing the uncertainties associated with them, and core research, which aims to provide broader, more generic information to help improve understanding relevant to environmental problems for the present and the future. The report described problem-driven research as the kind of research and technical support activity that EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD)
From page 16...
... ORD comprises the National Center for Environmental Research (NCER) , the National Center for Environmental Assessment, the National Exposure Research Laboratory, the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, the National Risk Management Laboratory, the Office of Science Policy, the Office of Resources Management and Administration, and the National Homeland Security Research Center.
From page 17...
... To conduct the study, the Research Council convened the Committee to Review EPA's Research Grants Program, which prepared this report. The committee's members were selected for expertise in research program administration, program evaluation, technology transfer, environmental science, risk assessment, risk management, and environmental engineering.
From page 18...
... In the committee's evaluation, it focused on the "rant program' s quality, relevance, end performance in accordance with the recent Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidelines on evaluating research programs as required by the Government Performance and Results Act; the committee considered that analyzing the STAR program in terms of OMB's criteria would provide valuable guidance to EPA (OSTP/OMB 2002~.
From page 19...
... Environmental Protection Agency, Research-Management and Peer-Review Practices. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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