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1 Introduction
Pages 9-13

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From page 9...
... and during the detonation of nuclear weapons. In the event of a radiation incident involving a disruption of the integrity of the fuel assembly and the containment structures of a nuclear power plant or a detonated nuclear device, radioiodine is one of the contaminants that could be released into the environment.
From page 10...
... KI does not protect other organs or tissues from external exposure to radiation or from internal exposure to other radioactive isotopes, such as strontium, cesium, or cobalt. To ensure that KI will be available in the event of an incident at a nuclear power plant that causes release of radioiodine, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission has supplied participating states with KI sufficient for two dosages for every person who lives or works within 10 miles of a nuclear power plant.
From page 11...
... the projected benefits and harms of a K} distribution program as part of a nuclear incident preparedness program; (b) the most effective and safe way to distribute and administer KI on a mass scale to prevent radiation effects, (c)
From page 12...
... This variability makes comparisons with specific international experiences difficult and emphasizes the need for flexibility and a high degree of independence for state and local agencies to decide the most effective and efficient means to protect the public in the event of a radiological incident involving radioiodine. Within the context of this independence, however, the committee concluded that for many geopolitical regions, a KI predistribution program may provide the best assurance of timely KI availability to appropriate populations in the event of a radiological incident involving radioiodine.
From page 13...
... Chapter 2 discusses thyroid physiology, Chapter 3 discusses potential exposure to radioactive iodine, Chapter 4 discusses previous radiation incidents and their potential health effects, Chapter 5 discusses protective measures, Chapter 6 discusses existing distribution plans for distribution of KI, Chapter 7 provides a scheme for evaluating KI distribution programs and options for KI distribution, and Chapter ~ contains the concluding remarks and recommendations for KI administration and distribution. To fulfill its charge, the committee met five times in 2003: on May 29-30 in Washington, DC; on June 23-24 in Washington, DC; on July 25-26 in Irvine, CA; on August 21-22 in Washington, DC; and on September 29-30 in Woods Hole, MA.

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