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Priorities for Research on Conflict in Multiethnic Countries
Pages 1-6

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From page 1...
... Yet participants, politicians, public authorities, international agencies, and academic specialists lack consensus about explanations of ethnic struggles. In hopes of reducing uncertainty and increasing useful knowledge, this report summarizes the major recommendations for further inquiry that emerged from discussions among Russia- and U.S.-based specialists in political conflict during 2000 and 2001.
From page 2...
... Academic specialists themselves play four quite different roles in the search for answers, as · investigators seeking better explanations and more effective forms of intervention · communicators with students, intellectuals, and the general public · advisors and critics of governments and other agencies that seek to resolve serious conflicts, suppress them, prevent them, or terminate those that are already under way · advisors to participants in serious conflicts and advocates for their causes Specialists engage in the last three activities from day to day. The first challenge takes time, collaboration, extensive exchanges among specialists, access to evidence, and support for research.
From page 3...
... The recommendations set forth below and in the working group reports reflect the views of the individuals in each group and are not necessarily those of the National Academies or one of its appointed committees. After reconciling differences in terminology, the most widely shared recommendations for inquiries include the following: 1.
From page 4...
... Although these themes may seem to cover the entire range of possible topics, they actually outline a distinctive approach to the analysis of ethnic conflict. Instead of concentrating on the individual orientation of one actor or group at a time and taking up the explanation of one action at a time, they constitute a program of focusing on interaction among multiple parties to ethnic conflicts, stressing transitions among forms of conflict, and engaging in rigorous comparisons among local episodes.
From page 5...
... PRIORITIES FOR RESEARCH ON CONFLICT IN MULTIETHNIC COUNTRIES 5 Altogether, these 10 topics outline a considerable range of difficult but manageable problems concerning ethnic conflict upon which collaboration among Russian and American scholars could considerably advance our store of knowledge. Inquiries into any one of these topics would augment the knowledge available for the design of effective policies to help resolve conflicts without widespread losses of life and property.

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