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Culture, Identity, and Conflict: The Influence of Gender
Pages 81-85

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From page 81...
... The mandate of the group on "culture, identity, and conflict" is to consider "ethnic conflict as an outcome of identity assertion and/or cultural change," with such developments in turn a possible "consequence of worldwide political and economic reorganization." Some of the work on gender and nationalism suggests, for example, that gender identities might mediate some of the relationships between economic globalization or religion and ethnic conflict. Several hypotheses link gender identities to nationalism and conflict.
From page 82...
... That gender played a role in the nationalisms of former Yugoslavia seemed apparent also in the conduct of the wars themselves and the extent to which they entailed organized campaigns of mass rape and other sexual atrocities (Allen, 1996; Borneman, 1998~. Contrary to hypotheses associating militarized nationalism with increasing gender inequality are those that see nationalist movements as a vehicle for improving women's status.
From page 83...
... But women in a more modern society could also support a violent secessionist movement if the struggle itself provided them opportunities for individual empowerment and if the outcome of national autonomy or independence promised more egalitarian gender relations than existed under the old order. Studies of gender roles in advanced industrial societies with separatist movements, such as Quebec in Canada or the Northern League in Italy, might shed light on this question (Cento Bull, 1996; LeClerc and West, 1997; Malette and Chalouk, 1991~.
From page 84...
... New York: New York University Press. Enloe, C
From page 85...
... Turpin, eds. New York: New York University Press.

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