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Appendix A: Glossary and Acronyms
Pages 471-476

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From page 471...
... Department of Health and Human Services CF Cystic fibrosis CFTR Cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulatory gene CHD Coronary heart disease CID Cold-induced diuresis CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individu als; a survey conducted periodically by the Agri 471
From page 472...
... is determined DRI Dietary Reference Intakes EAR Estimated Average Requirement; a category of Dietary Reference Intakes; an amount of a nu trient that is estimated to meet the requirement, as defined by the specified indicator or criterion of adequacy, of half of the apparently healthy individuals in the life stage or gender group for which it is established ECF Extracellular fluid ECG Electrocardiogram EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Euhydration Normal hydration FDA Food and Drug Administration; an agency of the U.S.
From page 473...
... of a nutrient at which an adverse effect has been identified MAP Mean arterial pressure; diastolic pressure times 2 plus systolic pressure over 3; the average pres sure during a cardiac cycle MCL Maximum contaminant level; a level set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for envi ronmental contaminants
From page 474...
... of a nutrient at which no adverse effect has been observed NRC National Research Council PAPS 3′-phosphoadenosine-5′-phosphosulfate Psychogenic The excessive consumption of fluid, especially polydipsia water, among chronic psychiatric patients, par ticularly those with schizophrenia RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance; a category of Dietary Reference Intakes; an amount of a nu trient that is the recommended average daily dietary intake level that is sufficient to meet the requirement of nearly all (97 to 98 percent) healthy individuals in the particular life stage and gender group for which it is established; it is derived from the Estimated Average Require ment Rhabdomyolysis Injury to skeletal muscle tissue that results in the destruction of skeletal muscle cells and al lows for the escape of cellular contents into the extracellular fluid, leading to renal failure and compartment syndromes Risk assessment The organized framework for evaluating sci entific information that has as its objective a characterization of the nature and likelihood of harm resulting from excess human exposure to an environmental agent (in this case, a nutri ent)
From page 475...
... TBW Total body water TOHPII Trials of Hypertension Prevention-Phase II: a clinical trial that tested the effects of sodium reduction and weight loss, alone or combined, as a means to prevent hypertension Total water Includes drinking water, water in beverages, and water that is part of food UF Uncertainty factor; the number by which the NOAEL (or LOAEL) is divided to obtain the Tolerable Upper Intake Level; the size of the UF varies depending on the confidence in the data and the nature of the adverse effect UL Tolerable Upper Intake Level; a category of Di etary Reference Intakes; the amount of a nutri ent that is the highest level of daily intake likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects for al
From page 476...
... 476 DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES most all apparently healthy individuals in the specified life stage group for which it is estab lished USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture WBGT Wet bulb globe temperature WHO World Health Organization

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