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6 Conclusions, Findings, and Recommendations
Pages 94-108

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From page 94...
... · Building out after passage of the Colorado River Basin Projects Act, 1969-1988. · Dam safety/water management, 1989-present.
From page 95...
... Engineers and builders must be both environmental experts and water resource experts. · American Indian water rights and rural water needs.
From page 96...
... · New modes of augmenting the water supply. In the absence of significant climate change or major technological breakthroughs, water resources will remain constant, while demand can be anticipated to increase.
From page 97...
... For the past decade many of Reclamation's functions have been decentralized and directed by regional office directors and area office managers. Concurrent with implementation of the decentralized organizational model, Reclamation-wide directives, known as Instructions, were withdrawn, although in some cases they continue to be used for guidance in the field.
From page 98...
... Recommendation 1c. The design groups in area and project offices should be consolidated in regional offices or regional technical groups to provide a critical mass that will allow optimizing technical competencies and providing efficient service.
From page 99...
... Regional offices, area offices, water and power beneficiaries, and other stakeholders all perceive an ongoing need for a centralized, high-level center of science and engineering excellence within Reclamation. The committee believes that a thorough review and evaluation of TSC and its policies and procedures could result in a smaller, more efficient and effective TSC.
From page 100...
... 100 21ST CENTURY BUREAU OF RECLAMATION Reclamation Laboratory and Research Activities Finding 3. Reclamation's laboratory and research activities came of age during the era of large dam construction in the twentieth century, when much of the needed expertise resided in the federal government and there were no laboratories capable of handling the necessary work.
From page 101...
... Decisions often hinge on the availability of federal employees to do the work. There is increasing pressure on Reclamation to allow water districts, American Indian tribes, and other customers to undertake their own planning, design, and construction management functions.
From page 102...
... Reclamation needs to recognize project management as a discipline requiring specific knowledge, skills, and abilities and to require project management training and certification for its personnel who are responsible for project performance. The committee observed the appointment of activity managers in the Pacific Northwest region who were responsible for communications and coordination among project participants for all phases of the project.
From page 103...
... Recommendation 6d. A training program that incorporates current project management and stakeholder engagement tools should be developed and required for all personnel with project management responsibilities.
From page 104...
... Different Reclamation regions employ different contracting approaches and use a variety of contracting vehicles to meet their acquisition needs. These range from indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity (IDIQ)
From page 105...
... Reclamation and other federal agencies recognize that successful outsourcing of technical services requires maintaining technical core competencies to develop contract scope, select contractors, and manage contracts, and that it is necessary for agency personnel to execute projects as well as to receive continuing training in order to maintain those competencies. Finding 9b.
From page 106...
... 106 21ST CENTURY BUREAU OF RECLAMATION water resources. The need to include a broad spectrum of stakeholders, particularly groups that represent environmental issues and American Indian water rights, considerably alters both the tasks of the agency and the skills required to accomplish them.
From page 107...
... a centrally located project management organization, (2) outsourced O&M, and (3)


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