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Pages 291-304

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From page 291...
... See American Indian/Alaska in the Health Disparities Report, 266 Native in the Minority Health Report, 261 Alcohol effects, 151 291
From page 292...
... See Centers for Medicare and Medicaid incremental funding for the NIH Minority Services Health and Health Disparities Research Collaborations, among ICs, 76 program, 61­64 Committee for the Assessment of NIH Minority interpretation of budget information, 60­61 Health Research Training Programs, 45 NIH budget allocations for health disparities, Committee on Minority Health and Health 64­71 Disparities Research Definitions and Budget Office, 11, 64 Application Methodology, 13, 56­57, Built environment, in understanding causes of 60, 64, 79­80, 86­87, 113, 179, 186, health disparities, 147 254­271 activities of, 270­271 budgets of, 258 C charge to, 18­19, 112 Final Report (Revised January 2004) , 254­ Cable TV, 226 258 Cancer Control Planet, 232 Guidelines for Minority Health and Health Cancer PLANET, 232­233 Disparities Reporting, 260­269 Carcinogens, 29, 146 membership of, 258 CARDIA sample, 152 process of, 19­20 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Committee on National Needs for Biomedical (CDC)
From page 293...
... , Discrimination in health care 268­269 schematic diagram showing, 175 in the Guidelines for Minority Health and in understanding health disparities, 31, 149, Health Disparities Reporting, 268­269 151, 158 primary emphasis "P," 268­269 Disparities in health care, 127­139 secondary emphasis "S," 269 in the 2002 and 2004 Strategic Plans, 42­43 tertiary emphasis "T," 269 defining, 24­25 thesaurus terms to identify low-SES and mechanisms underlying, 152­169 rural health disparities activities, 268 as processes, 168 Conceptual models, in understanding health race/ethnicity, 127­131 disparities, 31 rural health, 136­139 Conforming provision, regarding definitions, SES, 132­136 111 Distinction, between difference and disparity in Congress, 9, 12, 16, 35, 200 defining health disparities, 24­25 Congressional Commission on the Diversity, of American population, 169 Advancement of Women and Division of Cancer Control and Population Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Sciences, 232 Technology Development, 45 Documentation, moving beyond, 143­152 Conscience, of a nation, 15 Conscientiousness, 134 Consensus, in defining health disparities, lack E of, 25 EARDA. See Extramural Associates Research Coordination Development Award assessing adequacy of, 18 Educational factors, 15, 134­136 of communication programs, 8, 54 a basis of health disparities, 197­198 of an interdisciplinary approach in minority sheepskin effect, 135 health and health disparities, 84­87, Effective date provisions, 111 199­200 Endowment program awardees, NCMHD, 277 Council of Public Representatives, 83 Environmental factors in understanding causes CRISP.
From page 294...
... See Budget and finances inequalities in, 8 Fogarty International Center (FIC) , 75 Health disparities, 4­5, 21­33 Framing, 240­241 as defined by the Strategic Plan, 9­10, 56­59 defining, 15­16, 24­26, 57, 123­124 different approach to, 121­122 G efforts to reduce and ultimately eliminate, Gender factors, 124­127, 140, 143, 158 201­204 Genetic factors, 15, 123, 145­146 HHS efforts, 201­202 Goals to reduce and ultimately eliminate health NCMHD efforts, 202­204 disparities, 206­208 NIH efforts, 204 in the 2002 and 2004 Strategic Plans, 38, 39 implications for the NIH research agenda, community outreach, information 31­33 dissemination, and public health measuring, 26­29 education, 207­208 research by agency, 105­107 research, 206 understanding, 29­31, 143­152 research capacity, 207 approaches to understanding causes of Grants for health professions education, 108­109 health disparities, 144­152 Guidelines for Minority Health and Health behavioral factors, 30 Disparities Reporting, 257, 260­269 biological factors, 29 CRISP coders determining relevance for a conceptual models, 31 term with the CRISP emphasis codes discrimination, 31 (P, S, T)
From page 295...
... See Interamerican College of Physicians Health Disparities Research Loan Repayment and Surgeons Program, 73­74 Immune responses, 155 Health disparity groups, 24­26, 125­127 IMPAC II Population Tracking database (POP current approaches to, 127­139 tracking) , 262­264 the distinction between difference and Impact sought, and timetable, 245 disparity, 24­25 Improvement of minority health and reducing lack of appropriate measures of health status, health disparities through the NIH, 97­ 25­27 104 lack of consensus definition, 25 Centers of Excellence for research education Health Information National Trends Survey and training, 101­103 (HINTS)
From page 296...
... See Minority Health and Health Latinos. See Hispanics Disparities International Research Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Training Program community, 36 Minority groups, defining, 58n, 62, 185 Life course factors, 153­154, 157 Minority health and health disparities, 194­200 Life expectancy, 15, 122 cancer, 194 Lifestyle factors, 149, 244 coordination of an interdisciplinary Loan Repayment Program, 18, 72­75, 73­75, approach, 199­200 103, 202 heart disease, 194 Low birth weight, 21 HIV and AIDS, 195 infant mortality, 194
From page 297...
... , 19, 48, 66­67, non-targeted research training and career 117, 210 development, 256 Cancer Control Planet, 232 outreach, 264 Cancer PLANET, 232­233 Research Training and Career Development, Community Networks to Reduce Cancer 263­264 Health Disparities through Education, targeted infrastructure, 256 Research and Training Program, 244 targeted outreach, 256 Division of Cancer Control and Population targeted research, 255­256 Sciences, 232 targeted research training and career Health Information National Trends Survey, development, 256 223, 228 Minority individuals, defining, 111 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) , Minority participation, in non-targeted clinical 22­23, 28 research, determining percent, 262­263
From page 298...
... , 1­14, 43, Loan Repayment Program, 18, 72­75, 103, 54, 78­87, 113, 186, 217, 278­279. 202 See also Committee on Minority Office of Community-Based Participatory Health and Health Disparities Research Research and Outreach, 76 Definitions and Application purpose of, 97­101 Methodology; National Center for Research Endowment Program, 18, 72­73, Research Resources; Strategic Plans 202, 277 Annual Reports, 10, 60, 71 Research Infrastructure in Minority budget allocations for health disparities, 64­ Institutions Program, 202 71 responsibilities for the Minority Health and Budget Office, 11, 64 Health Disparities Research program Computer Retrieval of Information on and the Strategic Plan, 76­77 Scientific Projects (CRISP)
From page 299...
... See National Library of Medicine Strategic Research Plan and Budget to NMA. See National Medical Association Reduce and Ultimately Eliminate Non-targeted activities, in the Minority Health Health Disparities, Fiscal Years 2002- Report, 264 2006, 182, 191 Non-targeted clinical research, 262­263, 266 Working Group, 34 determining percent minority participation, National Library of Medicine (NLM)
From page 300...
... See IMPAC II Population Outreach Tracking database in the Health Disparities Report, 267­268 Population research, in the 2002 and 2004 in the Minority Health Report, 264 Strategic Plans, 42 Overview of health disparities, 121­174 Poverty. See Socioeconomic status conceptual approaches to mechanisms Preclinical indicators, of disease states, 169 underlying disparities, 152­169 Prevention, 16, 234
From page 301...
... INDEX 301 Primary emphasis "P," in the CRISP emphasis Q codes, 265, 268­269 Prisoners, 36 Quality of health care, a basis of health PROGRESA project, 166 disparities, 198 Progress, in measuring health disparities, Quality-of-life measures, 26, 122 recent, 28­29 Public comment, 36, 187­188 Public communication, outreach, and R communication inequalities, 110, 221­ Race/ethnicity, 16, 21, 124, 157­158, 243­244 230 as an approach to disparity groups, 127­131 communication inequality, 222 data on health disparities based in, 26, 48­49 functions of health communication, 221­222 defining, 17 SES, race discrimination as a basis of health and ethnicity and their relation to disparities, 198 inequalities in access to and use of Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community information, 223­226 Health, 203 and ethnicity and their relation to Recommendations, 4­14 inequalities in attention to and developing the science of communication processing of health information, 226­ and dissemination, 247­248 227 to help NCMHD achieve its outreach and ethnicity and their relation to objectives, 246­248 inequalities in the comprehension of summary of, 278­279 and action on health information, 227­ surveillance system for public 230 communications, 246­247 Public communications and its role in reducing Re-engineering the Clinical Research and eliminating health disparities, 215­ Enterprise, 83 253 Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Black concluding remarks, 248­249 and Minority Health, 15 impact sought and timetable, 245 Reporting knowledge transfer, 220­221 non-targeted clinical research, 262 NCMHD Strategic Plan public information principles for, in the Guidelines for Minority and outreach objectives, 219 Health and Health Disparities planning matrix to advance public Reporting, 260­261 communication and outreach, 235­245 regarding resources of NIH dedicated to recommendations to help NCMHD achieve minority and other health disparities its outreach objectives, 246­248 research, 104 research dissemination and health disparities, Research 230­235 in the 2002 and 2004 Strategic Plans, 38­39 tracking and evaluation, 245­246 in the charge to the Committee, 3, 18 Public health education in the 2002 and 2004 to reduce and ultimately eliminate health Strategic Plans, 52­55 disparities, 206, 209­210 Public Health Service Act, 17, 58 Research capacity Public information and community outreach in the 2002 and 2004 Strategic Plans, 39, in the 2002 and 2004 Strategic Plans, 39 43­52 in the charge to the Committee, 3, 18 clinical trials, 46­49 objectives, 219 community-based participatory research, Public Law 106-525, November 22, 2000 49­50 ("Minority Health and Health effects of various research infrastructure Disparities Research and Education and capacity programs, 51 Act of 2000") , 95­111 scientific workforce, 43­46 Push-pull process, 221 valid and reliable data, 50­51
From page 302...
... See Socioeconomic status in the 2002 and 2004 Strategic Plans, 3 SF=36, 168 8­43 Smoking effects, in understanding causes of disparities in health care, 42­43 health disparities, 21, 149­151, 230 population research, 42 Social capital, 148, 154, 162­163 social factors, 38, 41 Social control function, of health Research Teams of the Future, 83 communication, 221 Research Training and Career Development Social disadvantage, 151 in the Health Disparities Report, 267 Social environment in the Minority Health Report, 263­264 in understanding causes of health disparities, non-targeted activities, 264 147­149 targeted activities, 263­264 in understanding health disparities, 30 Research Training Grant (T) Awards, 7, 45, 48, Social factors, in the 2002 and 2004 Strategic 263 Plans, 38, 41 Residential segregation, 146 Social isolation, 147 Respiratory diseases, chronic, 22 Social support, 147­148, 154 Responsibilities for the Minority Health and Sociodemographic factors associated with Health Disparities Research program disparities, interactions among in and the Strategic Plan, 76­77 measuring health disparities, 27­28 resources and capacity of the NCMHD, 76­ Socioeconomic status (SES)
From page 303...
... INDEX 303 State health departments, 241 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, 230 Strategic planning model for reducing and Suicide, 136, 195 ultimately eliminating health Surveillance system, 8 disparities, 205­211 for public communications, 246­247 goals and objectives, 206­208 mission, 205 overview of NIH programs, 208­211 T vision, 205 Targeted activities Strategic Plans, 2­3, 17, 60­61, 69­71, 77, 86­ in the Health Disparities Report, 257, 266 87, 164, 278­279 in the Minority Health Report, 255­256, for 2002-2006, 10­11, 36, 86, 219, 230 262­264 for 2004-2008, 10, 36­37, 86 Targeted infrastructure budget, 6­8, 10­11 in the Health Disparities Report, 257 community outreach, information in the Minority Health Report, 256 dissemination, and public health Targeted research training and career education, 7­8, 52­55 development consideration of additional research in the Health Disparities Report, 257 objectives, 38­43 in the Minority Health Report, 256 development and availability of, 34­59 Tertiary emphasis "T," in the CRISP emphasis Executive Summary, 37 codes, 265, 269 feasibility of, 19 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) , goals and objectives, 38, 182 168 health disparities as defined by, 9­10, 56­59 Toxins, 29, 146 of the ICs, 9, 55­56 Trans-agency approaches, 4 and minority and health disparities research, Trans-NIH initiatives, 2, 12­13, 18­19, 32­33, management and coordination of, 12­ 55­56, 71, 77, 80­84, 189, 191, 199, 14, 78­87 278­279 public information and outreach objectives, NIH Neuroscience Blueprint, 82­83 219 NIH Obesity Research Task Force, 82 research capacity, 7, 43­52 NIH Roadmap, 83 research plan, 6­8, 38, 43 OAR, 81 and tactics, 242 OPASI, 83 updated, 9 ORWH, 81­82 Strategic Research Plan and Budget to Reduce Trends in Racial and Ethnic-Specific Rates for and Ultimately Eliminate Health the Health Status Indicators, 195 Disparities, 1, 3, 18, 35 Tribal Epidemiology Centers program, 203 Stress Type 2 diabetes, 21­22 acute, 151 in minority health and health disparities, chronic, 151 129, 195 in understanding health disparities, 30­31, 147, 151­152, 160 Stroke, in minority health and health U disparities, 194 Strong Heart Study, 22 Unequal Burden of Cancer, The, 48, 57, 254 Structure of trans-NIH Health Disparities Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Research Program and Strategic Plan, Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare, 25, 78­84 29, 144­145 NIH's organization and function, 79­80 Urban and Rural Health Chartbook, 136 research on health disparities, 78­79 U.S.
From page 304...
... See Scientific workforce Minority Health, 19 Working Group, 34 efforts to reduce and ultimately eliminate World Health Organization, 122­123, 168 health disparities, 201­204 Office of the Secretary, 16 U.S. Department of Justice, 16


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