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6 General Observations, Conclusions, and Recommendations
Pages 94-104

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From page 94...
... 6 General Observations, Conclusions, and Recommendations CONCERNS OF KAZAKHSTANI PUBLIC-SECTOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SPECIALISTS At a roundtable session in Almaty in July 2006, more than 50 science and technology (S&T) specialists from 20 public-sector education and research institutions emphasized to committee members the problems and solutions set forth below.
From page 95...
... • Governmental mechanisms are needed to link public-sector research institutes with public-sector enterprises that are heavily dependent on effective technologies. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE As noted throughout this report, Kazakhstan has an unusual opportunity to develop and use S&T for increasing its global economic competitiveness while enhancing the economic and social well-being of its population.
From page 96...
... With greater support they can become more effective in enriching the educational process and in opening new research areas that should be of importance to the country. Many independent research institutes have strong capabilities, and
From page 97...
... Also, the planned advanced-technology university in Astana should offer attractive educational and research opportunities for highly talented students and young faculty members, although success will depend on development and implementation of sound and detailed plans. In the fields of public health and engineering, the nearterm advantages of upgrading existing facilities must be weighed against the longer-term payoffs from establishing new scientific or educational complexes.
From page 98...
... 98 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN KAZAKHSTAN in Kazakhstan. Often, when there is a choice between commodities produced abroad and those produced locally, the difference in price or quality is relatively clear.
From page 99...
... To help stimulate technology transfer both to companies and directly to consumers, the government has initiated a broad-ranging program in support of entrepreneurs, including not only financial inducements in the form of venture capital and long-term loans but also techno-parks, incubators, economic free zones, improved patent legislation, and technology advisory services. This "technology push" approach is important, but it must be balanced with greater emphasis on the "market pull" approach.
From page 100...
... One or more new grant programs to support postdoctoral scientists at universities, research institutes, and other appropriate institutions should be established, with particular emphasis on encouraging scientists trained abroad to become researchers in Kazakhstan. • Model medical complex.
From page 101...
... Kazakhstani research managers should visit Western laboratories and technology transfer offices that have been successful in transferring technology to industrial clients and that have emphasized the use of their technologies in the public sector. Activities The government should give special emphasis to several types of activities that cut across the entire range of S&T programs.
From page 102...
... A strong regional presence at the planned advanced-technology university will help establish educational and professional ties that should be increasingly important as Kazakhstan seeks Central Asian export markets for its technology-intensive products in the years ahead. HUMAN RESOURCES AS THE KEY TO KAZAKHSTAN'S FUTURE The effectiveness of the education system, particularly the higher education institutions, will be a critical determinant of the future of Kazakhstan.
From page 103...
... 103 GENERAL OBSERVATIONS, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS Fortunately, in this regard, the government recognizes the importance of higher education, as exemplified by the Bolashak and related programs to support studies by talented Kazakhstani students and researchers abroad. This report is intended to assist the government in capitalizing on its commitment to education and science as it seeks to develop the nation's S&T infrastructure, which is essential to improve the technological competitiveness of the country while also serving the day-to-day needs of the Kazakhstani population.


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