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1 Why Benchmark the Research Competitiveness of U.S. Chemistry Research Now?
Pages 7-12

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From page 7...
... THE Rising Above the gAtheRing stoRm REPORT More recently, the American people, Congress, and the President have had growing concerns about the competitiveness of the United States and 1 National Research Council, 2000, Experiments in International Benchmarking of U.S. Research Fields, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
From page 8...
... TIMELINESS OF BENCHMARKING CHEMISTRY Building on the results of these two studies, in 2006 the National Academies embarked on an effort to benchmark the research competitiveness of the United States in chemistry. In addition to concerns about the overall competitiveness of the United States, there are compelling reasons to assess the standing of U.S.
From page 9...
... PANEL CHARGE AND RATIONALE Before addressing questions of how chemistry must shift to meet future needs, it is imperative to understand its current health and international standing. At the request of the Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division, and the National Science Foundation Chemistry Division, the National Academies' Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology performed an international benchmark
From page 10...
... • Federal funding of research in the physical sciences, as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product, was 45 percent less in FY 2004 than in FY 1976. SOURCE: National Research Council, 2007, Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energiz ing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future, National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.
From page 11...
... , utilizing such sources as Thompson ISI Essential Science Indicators and data provided by the American Chemical Society Publications Division. In addition, the panel asked leading experts from the United States and abroad to identify the "best of the best" whom they would invite to an international conference in their subfield.
From page 12...
... The outline of this report is as follows: Chapter 2 of this report will provide background on the key characteristics of chemistry. Chapter 3 responds to the first question of the panel charge, and details the panel's assessment of the current standing of the United States in the 11 areas of chemistry.

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