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Pages 1-5

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From page 1...
... : rising from $184 million in fiscal year 1990 to almost $410 million in fiscal year 1995, followed by a decade-long slide to $21.4 million in fiscal year 2006. This slide was prompted by a variety of factors, including concerns about the 1 In March 8, 2007 testimony before the House Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management James Rispoli reported that the estimated life cycle cost for the DOE cleanup program had increased to about $235 billion owing to the addition of new projects as well as regulatory and technology development problems with current projects.
From page 3...
... The Y-12 Plant was built to produce highly enriched uranium by electromagnetic separation; and the K-25 Plant, formerly known as the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, also was created to produce highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons. The reservation has waste disposal sites and contaminated buildings and soil.
From page 4...
... In the past five years, the program has focused almost exclusively on short-term technology development needs to support accelerated site cleanup. There has been recent renewed interest in cleanup science and technology development, both within upper DOE management and in Congress.
From page 5...
... The EM technology development program funding has declined over the years, while at the same time, many technological challenges continue to face the program. For example, the National Research Council's 2005 report on `Improving the Characterization and Treatment of Radioactive Wastes', recommends that `an improved capability for environmental monitoring would strengthen EM's plans to leave waste and contaminated media at DOE sites', and, `Monitoring systems at EM closure sites have been estimated to be some 25 years behind the state-of-art.' The Committee directs the increase to address the technology short-falls identified by this report.

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