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12 Summary Remarks--David N. McNelis
Pages 86-91

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From page 86...
... storage site. Although the plans for this site are in an early stage of formulation, these workshops have provided a forum for the international community to exchange ideas and engage in informative discussion regarding international storage sites in general, the Russian site in particular, and directly related issues.
From page 87...
... Relevant experiences in selecting and characterizing repository sites; in managing, handling, and transporting SNF; in developing policy options, policies, and infrastructure; and in regenerating fuels and stabilizing wastes -- from Russia, the United States, Japan, South Korea, and Switzerland -- were presented and discussed. As the intent was to illuminate, not resolve issues or even attain a consensus on an approach, the richness of the dialogue and the merits of the policy options that were suggested were particularly important.
From page 88...
... As a result, SNF in the United States is stored in on-site pools with excess material going to on-site dry spent fuel storage locations. By 2010 it is expected that almost all utility sites in the United States will require dry cask storage.
From page 89...
... They include "creating, through voluntary agreements and contracts, multinational, and in particular regional, MNAs for new facilities based on joint ownership, drawing rights or co-management for front-end and back-end nuclear facilities, such as uranium enrichment; fuel reprocessing; and disposal and storage of spent fuel (and combinations thereof) ."  In addition to its roles with respect to assuring transparency and establishing standards and safeguards, it would seem appropriate for the IAEA also to monitor regional storage sites for compliance with international design standards, safety, financial management, environmental compliance, and other security issues.
From page 90...
... States may be parties to one of the international nuclear liability conventions, may have enacted their own national nuclear liability legislation, or may be without specific nuclear liability legislation. There are three international conventions on nuclear liability: the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage: International Framework, the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy, and the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage)
From page 91...
... Ultimately, both the front and back ends of the fuel cycle must be designed so as to minimize the actinide and long-lived fission product generation and, at the same time, maximize the proliferation barriers for the fissile components. National and shared international engagement is needed in developing approaches that are responsive in providing for the energy needs of nuclear nations while at the same time ensuring the safe and secure management of SNF and its waste by-products.

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