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Part II: Preventive Intervention Research
Pages 151-156

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From page 151...
... As the body of intervention research has increased, the number of studies that include economic analyses to explore the costs and benefits of these interventions has also increased, further supporting the value of these approaches. This makes a case for supplementing traditional universal health care approaches, such as prenatal care, immunizations, and policies that support families, to support the healthy development of young people.
From page 152...
... BOX II-1 Outcome Highlights of Preventive Interventions Prevention of Child Maltreatment • Meta-analyses have found that interventions that promote family wellness and provide family support are successful in preventing child maltreatment. • Home visiting programs have demonstrated reduced physical abuse, aggres sion, and harsh parenting.
From page 153...
... . Multiple Disorders • The Seattle Social Development project, a quasi-experimental combined par ent and teacher training intervention, significantly reduced multiple diagnos able mental health disorders (major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, social phobia)
From page 154...
... Such interventions as prenatal care, home visiting, parenting skills training, programs designed to mitigate specific family-based strain (e.g., bereavement, dealing with a mentally ill parent) , and some public policies share a goal of improving family functioning and creating nurturing environments.
From page 155...
... Interventions by Developmental Phase Prior to Early Early Young Conception Prenatal Infancy Childhood Childhood Adolescence Adolescence Adulthood Pregnancy Prenatal prevention care Home visiting Early childhood interventions Parenting skills training Social and Classroom-based curriculum to behavioral prevent substance abuse, skills training aggressive behavior, or risky sex Prevention of depression Prevention of schizophrenia Prevention focused on specific family adversities (Bereavement, divorce, parental psychopathology, parental substance use, parental incarceration) Community interventions Policy FIGURE II-1  Interventions and their targeted developmental stages.
From page 156...
... The evidence presented here has important practical implications for the practices of the schools, family service agencies, and health care providers that are involved at each stage of the development of young people. Taken together, the evidence shows that the nation could support the healthy development of many more young people.

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