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Pages 1-6

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From page 1...
... However, the past 20 years have seen a substantial deterioration in the United States' capability to pursue those opportunities at a time when several European and Asian countries have significantly increased investments in developing their own capacities in these areas. This report seeks both to set out the challenges and opportunities facing those who discover new crystalline materials and grow large crystals and to chart a way for the United States to reinvigorate its efforts and thereby return to a position of leadership in this field.
From page 2...
... While academia, the national laboratories, and private industry all have impor tant roles in this field, industrial research laboratories historically have provided a particularly critical environment for the flourishing of DGCM activities. There, technological advancement in sectors such as the semiconductor industry, optical communications, and displays has required not only applied research to improve the performance of materials such as silicon, glass, and liquid crystals but also basic research into their fundamental properties.
From page 3...
... The net result of industrial laboratories' no longer engaging in DGCM research and the low level of research in the academic sector is that scientists and engineers in the United States face significant constraints because of inadequate access to crystals for scientific research and technology development, which frequently puts them, and the United States in general, at a competitive disadvantage.
From page 4...
... . In response to that charge, the committee concludes that DGCM remains a critically important area in condensed-matter research, and because of a change in the landscape in the United States, the continued competitiveness of the United States in this field requires that concrete and substantive steps be taken.
From page 5...
... science, as currently promulgated in the departmental or discipline-centric environment of universities, frequently does not reward DGCM synthesis research as much as it rewards measurement science. In order for the United States to have a strong and sustainable effort in the discovery and growth of crystalline materials, federal agencies should develop programs and policies that make it attractive for universities in the United States to hire crystal growers and promote robust research programs in this area by providing ample funding specifically for such work.
From page 6...
... The envisioned DGCM network would provide a virtual forum for organizing synthesis efforts, crystal growers would be able to announce the availability of new compounds, and a measurer would be able to request col laboration with a crystal grower to meet the measurer's need for a specific sample. The envisioned DGCM network would also provide access to information in the physical archive of already-synthesized samples stored in individual laboratories throughout the country, further enabling collaborations.

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