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Appendix D: Benchmarking High-Risk/High-Payoff Research
Pages 56-59

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From page 56...
... within the DOD consists of three budget categories: • 6.1: Basic research, typically associated with technology readiness level (TRL) 1 and 2, in which new scientific phenomena are sought in an effort to discover and advance fundamental knowledge in fields important to national defense.
From page 57...
... On the contrary, there will be more ideas for basic research projects than there are resources for pursuing them, and actively managing the basic research portfolio is necessary to ensure that the quality and relevance of the assigned projects is maximized. A basic research portfolio plants the seeds for future technologies, cultivates successful emerging capabilities, and eliminates less successful efforts.
From page 58...
... , and its project managers seek discovery of new phenomena in these disciplines that could enable potential game changers when translated to a technology that can, in turn, provide a significantly improved military capability. AFOSR estab lishes the strategic objectives and investment strategy for the Air Force 6.1 budget, and AFOSR project managers then allocate that budget to universities (who are awarded the majority of the basic research portfolio)
From page 59...
... However, corporate R&D funds relatively little basic research, since basic research does not typically offer immediate benefits to its sponsor. The study states that basic research, by its nature, is almost by definition risky (emphasis added)

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