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Attachment E: Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming
Pages 21-23

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From page 21...
... Fluidization came to age during World War II, when the urgent demand for aviation gasoline led to the development and construction of the first fluid bed catalytic cracker. In addition to gasoline production, fluidization technology is broadly used in coal gasification and combustion, mineral processing, food processing, pharmaceuticals, soil washing, manufacturing of polymers, waste treatment, and environmental remediation.
From page 22...
... The fluidizing gases are the off-gas from the first stage and added oxygen. Its function is to gasify carbon fines carried over in the process gases from the DMR, oxidize CO and H2 to CO2 and water, and convert trace acid gases to stable alkali compounds by reacting these acids with the bed media consisting of calcium carbonate and/or calcium silicate particles.
From page 23...
... Indeed, waste stabilization at Idaho National Laboratory currently uses a glass-bonded sodalite ceramic waste form (CWF) for disposal of electrorefiner wastes for sodium-bonded metallic spent nuclear fuel from the EBR II fast breeder reactor.

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