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1 Introduction
Pages 5-10

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From page 5...
... It regulates Earth's climate, plays a critical released Charting the Course of Ocean Science in the United role in the hydrological cycle, sustains a large portion of States for the Next Decade: An Ocean Research Priorities Earth's biodiversity, supplies food and mineral resources, Plan and Implementation Strategy, with key strategies that constitutes an important medium of national defense, pro focused on compelling ocean-related societal and scientific vides an inexpensive means of transportation, is the final issues (stewardship of natural and cultural ocean resources, destination of many waste products, is a major location increasing resilience to natural hazards, enabling marine of human recreation, and inspires our aesthetic nature. operations, the ocean's role in climate, improving ecosystem – Oceanography in the Next Decade, 1992 health, and enhancing human health; JSOST, 2007)
From page 6...
... The committee will identify major research questions anticipated to be at the forefront of ocean science in 2030 based on national and international assessments, input from the worldwide scientific community, and ongoing research planning activities. Next, the committee will define categories of infrastructure that should be included in planning for the nation's ocean research infrastructure of 2030 and that will be required to answer the major research questions of the future, taking into consideration • New scientific and technological developments, including adoption of capabilities and discoveries outside of the ocean sciences; • Interdependence of various infrastructure assets and multipurpose or multiuser assets; • ow anticipated changes in the oceans, its interactions with the atmosphere, land, sea ice, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and humans, and H commercial enterprises might affect demand for various assets and operational characteristics; • Potential use of infrastructure assets supported by federal, state, and local governments and by industry to collect data for multiple goals; • otential for emerging technology to increase the substitutability of various infrastructure components, thus providing greater flexibility or surge P capacity; • Potential opportunities to phase out programs or facilities in order to develop capabilities in new research areas; and • nstitutional or policy barriers, if any, that may hinder the optimal use of facilities and infrastructure.
From page 7...
... The committee examines past trends in biology on a global scale is endangered at a time when a shifting ocean research infrastructure development and categorizes climate might be expected to cause significant change in oceanic essential infrastructure assets for the next 20 years, suggests primary production. how federal agencies could prioritize investments in ocean
From page 8...
... These four motivated the research. These answers advance fundamental overarching societal drivers are: enabling stewardship of understanding of ocean science and connected global issues, the environment, protecting life and property, promoting develop the future priorities related to ocean research and sustainable economic vitality, and increasing fundamen- technology, and help inform policy decisions such as marine tal scientific understanding.
From page 9...
... All of this work relies on ocean of prioritizing ocean research infrastructure investments can research infrastructure for the tools and resources to col therefore be interpreted as maximizing the net benefits from lect, manage, and analyze data. Some models and data sets infrastructure investments over time by choosing the best are considered part of the infrastructure (e.g., global ocean combination of infrastructure investments subject to a budget models, widely used climate models)
From page 10...
... ocean policy documents, community and agency strategic plans, peer-reviewed publications, and input from the ocean science community in response to a public solicitation. The STUDY APPROACH information gathering process for this report also included The Committee on an Ocean Infrastructure Strategy for presentations by and discussions with representatives of U.S.

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