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Appendix C: Glossary
Pages 157-162

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From page 157...
... /United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) statement, "Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding: the special role of maternity services." The WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative was developed to ensure that every facility providing maternity services would fully practice all 10 steps to successful breastfeeding and to help effect the principles and aim of all Articles of the International Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes.
From page 158...
... Community providers: Include child care providers, faith-based organizations, librarians, and schools and teachers. Developmentally appropriate sleep durations: According to the National Sleep Foundation, developmentally appropriate sleep durations are as follows: • newborns, birth to <3 months: 10.5–18 hours in a 24-hour period; • infants, 3 months to <12 months: 9–12 hours during the night and 30-minute to 2-hour naps one to four times a day; • toddlers, 1 year to <3 years: 12–14 hours in a 24-hour period; and • preschoolers, 3 years to <5 years: 11–13 hours in a 24-hour period.
From page 159...
... Explicit marketing: Discrete, commercial messages, set off from program content, designed to promote products and brands, such as television advertisements, Internet banner advertisements, and billboards. Federal poverty level: The threshold of income used to determine eligibility for government assistance programs.
From page 160...
... Moderate physical activity: Muscle-powered movement at a modest pace; exam ples are brisk walking, hopping, jumping, and climbing. Energy expenditure is at a rate of 4.0 to 6.9 metabolic equivalent of task.
From page 161...
... Examples of policy makers are federal or state legislators, governors, and mayors. Poor sleep hygiene: Sleep habits that reduce sleep quality and impair sleep duration, such as irregular bedtimes and wake times, use of caffeine or other stimulating substances before bedtime, inappropriate napping habits, engagement in stimulating or stressful activities close to bedtime, and sleep environments that are uncomfortable or disruptive.
From page 162...
... Sugar-sweetened beverages: Beverages to which sugar, typically high fructose corn syrup or sucrose (table sugar) , has been added, including soft drinks, fruit drinks, sports drinks, tea and coffee drinks, energy drinks, and sweetened milk or milk alternatives.

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