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E1: Brazil
Pages 143-150

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From page 143...
... 4- In producing this report, ANBio also considered presentations exhibited by representatives of the Brazilian Government during ANBio's capacity building program. Figure E1-1 The results of a survey conducted by ANBio about the state of biosafety and biosecurity in biological research institutions across Brazil (including two from Peru and Equator)
From page 144...
... tuberculosis MDR Fiocruz – IOC HIV 3 BSL-3 2 Laboratorio de AIDS e Imunologia Molecular LACEN – CE 3 BSL-3 Micobacterium tuberculosis MDR Laboratório de Microbiologia 3 Yersinia pestis 3 3 Burkholderia pseudomallei Embrapa Suínos e Aves - SC Avian Flu virus, New Castle virus, 3,4 BSL1 virus of respiratory and BSL2 4 b Lab. Virologia/ Laboratório de Sanidade reproductive syndrome in swine BSL-3 (PRRS)
From page 145...
... Microorganisms African cassava mosaic virus Duck hepatitis virus, types 1, 2 and 3 Citri spiroplasma Citrus leper virus Eastern equine encephalitis virus Agrobacterium ruby Encephalitis virus of Powassan Amanita muscarina Clavibacter iranicus Amapari virus Clavibacter michiganensis subspecies Enteritis virus of Ducks, Geese and Swans Apiosporina morbid insidiosus Apple Chat Fruit Clavibacter michiganensis subspecies Enzootic encephalomyelitis flu virus Apple proliferation Ephemeral fever virus of cattle nebraskensis Clavibacter michiganensis subspecies Aspergillus flavus Erwinia amylovora Aspergillus ochraceus sepedonicus Erwinia cypripedii Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin Aspergillus parasiticus Erwinia raphontici Aujeszky disease virus producers Escherichia coli producing verotoxins Banana bunchy top virus Cochliobolus miyabeanus Fusarium graminearum Cocoa swollen shoot virus Bartonella sp. Fusarium moniliforme Borna disease virus Coriomeningite Linfocítica virus Fusarium oxysporium f.
From page 146...
... Xanthomonas albilineans Nairobi sheep disease virus Rickettsia Akari Xiphinema sp. Nectria galligena Rickettsia australis Xylophillus ampelinus Yellow fever virus Oncobasidium theobromae Rickettsia canada Oncornavirus C and D of non-human Yellow Peach Rickettsia conorii Primates Rickettsia montana Yersinia enterocolitica Oropouche virus Rickettsia siberica Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Toxins aflatoxins Cholera toxin microcystin Modecina ochratoxin A Toxins of Clostridium perfringens verotoxin Viscumina Volkensina Genetic Elements All genetic elements that contain nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity or toxin of any selected agent.
From page 147...
... In some cases, accidents are reported to the Institutional Biosafety Committees or to the Commission on Prevention of Hospital Infections. There are no specific guidelines for labs not working with GMOs, and there is no regular and mandatory system for accident notification or for notification of liability measures.
From page 148...
... Since its foundation in 1999, ANBio, a non-profit society, has dedicated the bulk of its work to training researchers and biological science students on biosafety measures and procedures. As part of ANBio's effort, the Brazilian Government has taken a step forward in establishing a biosafety program at public health laboratories and added biosafety university courses to the graduate and post-graduate curriculum.
From page 149...
... 149 Appendix E: Country and Region Overviews Even in light of these actions, Brazil should still create a long-term biosafety and biosecurity program with a dedicated budget, in which all stakeholders should take part. The main gaps that should be addressed are maintenance, certification, waste management, and the lack of a global inventory of samples.


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