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E4: Russia
Pages 161-164

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From page 161...
... Netesov2 1 Councilor of the President of RAS on Foreign Affairs and Biology, Moscow, Russia 2 Vice Rector, Research, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia Russia's extensive experience in working with dangerous pathogens in high-containment laboratories can be traced back to the country's early efforts to improve public health through research, vaccine production, and development and implementation of vaccination strategy.1 The work led to success in antiplague efforts during the 1920s and 1930s, national eradication of smallpox in 1939, and the successful start of measles and poliomyelitis control through vaccine development followed by mass longterm vaccinations. That expertise has continued to the present day where the Russian Federation is home to 19 World Health Organization (WHO)
From page 162...
... The special national Sanitary Regulations (SR) one of which is the SP 1.3.1285-03 on "Safe handling of micro-organisms in pathogenic hazard groups I-II",15 whose observance is mandatory, form the foundations of Russian laboratory practices for these Institutes/Centers as well as public health and educational university laboratories.16 The SR specify a full spectrum of biosafety practices including disinfection procedures, sewage water testing, safe transport of pathogens, and safe practices for hospital work.
From page 163...
... , subsequently conducted an investigation that revealed multiple violations of laboratory regulations by this experienced technician.2 The additional lesson learned from this case was the need for more thorough training courses for experienced workers to prevent complacency. Several Russian Universities, in collaboration with Health Canada and the Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health, recently updated their biosafety curriculum.3 For example: • The Saratov Anti-Plague Institute developed 13 new advanced training programs including a specialized primary training program in biosafety, a program for training specialized anti epidemic teams to work in emergency situations, and a program for training bacteriologists and epidemiologists in the field of bioterrorism counteraction.
From page 164...
... , Obolensk, and Kazan recently upgraded their security through their participation in the United States Biological Threats Reduction program,7 and in collaboration with the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) , seven institutes invested over $18 million in upgraded operating procedures and physical security.8 During the last three years, two institutes -- Vector Center and the Microbiolgical Center in Obolensk -- additionally upgraded their biosecurity equipment and services.

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