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Pages 11-23

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From page 11...
... . The system predicts the shortest paths between any two points in the transit network using real-time information provided by a third party bus arrival prediction system, relying on GPS [global The literature review revealed that a wide variety of reports, papers, articles, and press releases have been written about providing real-time transit information on mobile devices.
From page 12...
... service provision based on an open, standardised service oriented infrastructure and B2B [business-to-business] services that will facilitate access to urban traffic related data, RTTI service provision and interoperability by traffic information service providers (TISP)
From page 13...
... .] MOBILE DEVICE TECHNOLOGY The proliferation of mobile phones and smartphones has created a challenging environment in terms of developing real-time transit applications for mobile devices.
From page 14...
... varies widely among all available mobile devices. There are three major mobile channels through which realtime transit information is provided: mobile web/Internet (including mobile social networking websites)
From page 15...
... , • Handset/hardware limitations in terms of memory and processing speed, • Costs of mobile Internet access and SMS use for customers, • Access to mobile phone networks, and • Minimum of customer interaction with application. Second, typical formatting of real-time information on mobile devices is shown in Figures 6–8.
From page 16...
... In Helsinki, Finland, real-time transit information on mobile devices was deployed in 2006, as shown in Figure 10. The Mobile Guide for City Traveller (KAMO)
From page 17...
... "Neither the existing Short-Messaging Service (SMS) nor the existing Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
From page 18...
... . RESOURCES REQUIRED TO PROVIDE MOBILE SERVICES The literature provides a limited amount of information regarding this aspect of providing real-time transit information on mobile devices.
From page 19...
... . In terms of providing accessible information, which is a component of information equity, VBB provides comprehensive traveler information for disabled and mobilityimpaired persons by means of the Internet, mobile devices, and speech-based telephone (44)
From page 20...
... The possibility of being able to receive travel information by means of mobile devices shifted the point in time that information requests were made from pre-trip to on-trip. That most of the enquiries concerned journeys starting within 30 minutes showed that most of the enquiries were done with the intention of using the PT [public transport]
From page 21...
... . A location-aware iPhone application was developed for OneBusAway that "leverages the localization technology in modern mobile devices to quickly provide users with realtime arrival information for nearby stops and improved context-sensitive response to their searches" (49, p.
From page 22...
... project is to make public transport and related information accessible for everyone, it uses mobile devices to provide real-time information to visually impaired individuals as follows: 1. The traveller gives a message by the web or SMS to the real time system about a wanted trip with the express bus from a particular bus stop at a certain time of departure, and how many minutes before (i.e., 10 minutes)
From page 23...
... . FIGURE 16 Sony Ericsson MBW-150 Bluetooth watch, showing the next few SF Muni Bus arrival times for a nearby stop.


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