Skip to main content

Currently Skimming:

Appendix E: Glossary
Pages 187-192

The Chapter Skim interface presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter.
Select key terms on the right to highlight them within pages of the chapter.

From page 187...
... Cellulose: A repeating homopolymer of 1­4-linked glucose residues. Chemoenzymatic synthesis: Glycan synthesis that uses both chemical and enzymatic transformations to obtain the desired product.
From page 188...
... Galectins: S-type (sulfhydryl-dependent) -galactoside-binding lectins, usually occurring in a soluble form, expressed by a wide variety of animal cell types and distinguishable by the amino acid sequence of their carbohydrate recognition domains.
From page 189...
... Glycosylation: The enzyme-catalyzed covalent attachment of a carbohy drate to a polypeptide, lipid, polynucleotide, carbohydrate, or other organic compound, generally catalyzed by glycosyltransferases, uti lizing specific sugar nucleotide donor substrates. Glycosyl donor: The electrophile in a glycosylation reaction; the nucleo tide sugar in an enzymatic glycosylation reaction.
From page 190...
... Methylation analysis: A method for carbohydrate structure analysis based on the acid stability of methyl ethers and the acid lability of glycosidic linkages; used to determine the linkage positions of monosaccharide residues in an oligosaccharide chain. Microheterogeneity: Structural variations in a glycan at any given glyco sylation site on a protein (one source of glycoforms)
From page 191...
... . Oligosaccharides are sometimes called "sugar chains," and individual monosaccharides in a sugar chain are sometimes referred to as "sugar residues." Transcriptome: The total collection of RNA transcripts in a cell, a tis sue, or an organism, under specific conditions of time, space, and environment.

This material may be derived from roughly machine-read images, and so is provided only to facilitate research.
More information on Chapter Skim is available.