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From page 20...
... Some are highly liter ate in a first language and hence may need little practice in recognizing or spelling words or even basic comprehension skills. Many have lived in the United States for a long time and speak English well but have low or intermediate reading and writing skills in English.
From page 21...
... • Integrate grammatical instruction with the use of language to communicate for specific purposes, with the amount of emphasis on each depending on the assessed needs of the learner. • Develop vocabulary and content knowledge to foster reading comprehension and learning.
From page 22...
... Developing Reading and Writing 20 Priorities for Research on English Language Learners classes in the United States, future research should: of spoken and written English skills and identify skills and strategies that
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