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Carbohydrates and Fiber
Pages 39-43

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From page 39...
... Proximate analysis of foods commonly omits direct analysis of carbohydrate. Dietary fiber should not be confused with crude fiber, a nutritionally obsolete term that refers to the residue (primarily cellulose and lignin)
From page 40...
... Eleven percent of the total energy intake, representing almost one-quarter of total carbohydrate intake, is provided by allied sweeteners, mostly sucrose and high-fructose corn syrup (Glinsmann et al., 19861. Fructose intake in the United States increased after the introduction of high-fructose corn syrup into the food supply in 1970.
From page 41...
... In the absence of dietary carbohydrates, however, lipolysis of stored triglycerides and the oxidation of fatty acids increase and ketone bodies accumulate. A carbohydrate-free diet also is generally associated with an accelerated breakdown of dietary and tissue protein, loss of cations (especially sodium)
From page 42...
... In this way, wheat bran may interfere with mineral absorption, but neither wheat bran nor other fibers, at the levels consumed in this country, appear to have an appreciable effect on the absorption of minerals (NRC, 1989~. In the United States, mean fiber intake is estimated to be approximately 12 g/day (Lanza et al., 1987~.
From page 43...
... 85-3. Nutrition Monitoring Division, Human Nutrition Information Service.

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