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A Social Science Perspective on Weed Management Practices--George Frisvold
Pages 21-26

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From page 21...
... These perceptions include: Attribution of spread of resistant weeds to natural forces and neighbors' behavior Belief that individual action has little effect on resistance Belief that resistance is inevitable A low awareness of how practices affect weed resistance A low awareness of the importance of rotating herbicides with different mechanisms of action A low concern about resistance Confidence that new products will become available From the 2000s to now, the level of concern about resistance seen in the surveys has been ramping up, which may mean the problem is getting worse, though it also may mean that people are more aware of the issue. The surveys tell us that, in terms of research needs, many growers have perceptions that seem to discourage BMP adoption.
From page 22...
... The studies from the Green Revolution also show that adding uncertainty into the analysis improves the explanatory power of economic models. Introducing uncertainty demonstrated the importance of farm size, credit constraints, infrastructure constraints, and the availability of information and opportunities to learn to determine how people were going to adopt technology.
From page 23...
... A Miranowski and Carlson paper for the National Research Council's 1984 symposium1 on strategies and tactics for managing pesticide resistance in insects posed the question: What is the proper division between the public and private sectors regarding resistance management? Instead of assuming resistance is a problem with the private sector that necessarily requires regulation, the paper examined the conditions more favorable to voluntary approaches and those more favorable to regulatory regimes.
From page 24...
... We know little about the incentives or adoption levels of weed management consultants, custom chemical applicators, custom harvest and other custom operations, and small-scale producers. The susceptibility of weeds to herbicides is a weakest link public good, one whose provision requires the effort and compliance by those least able and with the least incentives to provide it.
From page 25...
... A new paradigm is needed to understand grower behavior and foster a new mindset -- one with greater knowledge of the interplay of agroecological, economic, and social systems. Lambsquarters, common (Chenopodium album)

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