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5 International Organizations and Standards
Pages 38-44

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From page 38...
... NATO's Scientific Affairs Division conducts programs of research fellowships, advanced study institutes and research workshops, and collaborative research grants. International nongovernmental engineering organizations are a more diverse and extensive mechanism for interaction among engineers than is generally realized.
From page 39...
... And some professional societies, like the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers or the Society of Petroleum Engineers, though predominantly American, draw membership heavily from outside the United States and maintain a worldwide framework for their activities. There are few, if any, international engineering and technology organizations in which U.S.
From page 40...
... A useful basis for such a meeting would be a comprehensive examination of the present range of international engineering activities in the United States in both the governmental and the nongovernmental sectors. Among topics that might be considered at the workshop are U.S.
From page 41...
... Agreement among domestic producers and consumers is no longer a sufficient condition for a globally effective standard. Indeed, give and take in international technical standards is increasingly recognized as a competitive arena for both companies and nations as international standards include agreement on • units of measurement; • terminology and symbolic representation; • products and processes (definition and selection of characteristics of products, testing and measuring methods, specification of products for defining their quality and performance, regulation of variety, interchangeability, etc.)
From page 42...
... Because of the importance of U.S. participation in the development of international standards, the committee recommends that the Office of the Special Trade Representative, the National Science Foundation, and the Department of Commerce sponsor indepth studies of the needs for, and benefits from, more assertive and better coordinated U.S.
From page 43...
... The influence of current and prospective international standards on the competitiveness of American products in world markets is an important aspect of the proposed study. The need for a mechanism to provide timely assessment of this impact of standards should be considered.

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