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Pages 11-16

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From page 11...
... . Significantresearchexistsonthetopicofeconomicimpacts,benefits, andcostsoffreightandmoredetailcanbefoundinNCFRPProject23 final research report available asNCFRP Web-Only Document 1 (http://www.trb.org/Main/Blurbs/165743.aspx)  as well as U.S. DepartmentofTransportationreportssuchastheGuide to Quantifying the Economic Impacts of Federal Investments in Large-Scale Freight Transportation Projects from 2006. Impacts thus fall into several differentcategoriesandnotallofthemwillapplytoeachtypeof logisticscenter,buttheprincipalbroadcategoriesare: • EconomicEffects–includingconstructionimpacts,direct economicactivity,multipliereffects,andeconomic development/businessattractionand
From page 12...
... FACILITy TyPE CASE STuDy DIRECT AnD InDIRECT JOBS FREIGHT VOLumE TRAnSPORTATIOn ImPACTS InlandPort VirginiaInlandPort (FrontRoyal,VA) 17directjobs,over8,000 indirectjobs 33,600containers (2008)
From page 13...
... Multiplier Effects of the Freight Facility Operations Impacts beyond the direct impact of the facility itself are called multipliereffects.Forexample,anemployeeatthenewwarehouse receives wages that he otherwise would not have received. Put anotherway,thesalarypaidbyafreightcompanytoanemployee Economic effects
From page 14...
... Traffic Thelocationofthefacilitywillchangetrafficpatternsintheimmediate surroundingarea.Thismayresult in increasedtrucktrafficto/from thefacilitydependingonhighwayaccess,localtrafficpatterns,and Transportation effects isadirectimpact.Howthatemployeethenspendsthissalarylocally ongroceriesandhousingisamultiplied,indirectimpact.Theimpact ofthefacilitythusexpandsintothecommunity,state,andcountry. Economic Development/Business Attraction Freightfacilitiescanbeacatalystforeconomicdevelopmentthrough attractingothersuppliersorvendors toforman industryclusterof activity.Theymayalsospurnewdevelopmentorredevelopmentof existingproperties.Thesizeandtimingofeconomicdevelopment/ businessattractioneffectscanvarygreatlybyfacilitybasedonlocal landuseandzoningpolicies,economicdevelopmentincentivesand marketing, transportation connectivity benefits, and so on.  Effects include: • Redevelopment–Economicandfinancialgainsfromredevelopment of existing underutilized land, includingadditional job creation andincreasesinpropertyvalue.
From page 15...
... Freight Facility Location Selection: A Guide for Public Officials 15 access.Facilitiesthatpromotetheuseofmodesotherthantruckmay helpkeeplongerdistancetripsonmoreefficientandcost-effective modes, thus reducingoverall truckVMT (vehiclemiles traveled) on local,regional,andnationalhighways. Congestion Congestiononroads,rails,airandseacancausecommunityconflict aswellasdelayingoodsreachingtheirdestinations.Congestioncan alsohavedirectfinancialimpactsasitincreasesshippingcostsand can lead to investment in infrastructure improvements to alleviate delays.Congestioncanalsohaveairqualityimpactsbasedonidling.
From page 16...
... • Public Services – The community and region may also incur additional annual costs for firefighting, public safety, police, public works, and related services as a result of additional freightactivity. While all of these measures may not be applicable to every freightfacility,allofthesecostsandbenefitsshouldbeconsidered in undertaking an assessment of the economic and transportation effectsoffreightfacilities. Other public sector costs conflictsresultinginaccidentsduetochangesintruckVMT,aswellas criminalactivitiesaroundthefacilityitself.


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