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Appendix A: Disentangling the Language of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States
Pages 401-406

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From page 401...
... involves crimes of a sexual nature committed against juvenile victims for financial or other economic reasons.… These crimes include trafficking for sexual purposes, prostitution, sex tourism, mail-order-bride trade and early marriage, por nography, stripping, and performing in sexual venues such as peep shows or clubs.
From page 402...
... . Although the committee believes the language "other economic reasons" in the OJJDP definition of CSEC can and should be read to include survival sex, the second sentence of the OJJDP definition makes it unclear whether this is the intent of the definition.
From page 403...
... defines sex trafficking of a minor as the "recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person under age 18 for the purpose of a commercial sex act."1 A commercial sex act is "any sex act on account of which anything of value is given to or received by any person."2 As explained elsewhere in this report, it is important to note that sex trafficking does not require moving or transporting a victim. COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN AND SEX TRAFFICKING OF MINORS COMPARED Considerable confusion exists as to the distinction between CSEC and sex trafficking of minors, and, as noted above, the two terms often are used inconsistently.
From page 404...
... Even though the OJJDP definition differs from the TVPA and other widely accepted definitions, and despite differences in definitions employed by various jurisdictions and entities, the committee believes definitional issues and debates should not detract from the broader point that whether a child or adolescent is deemed a victim of CSEC or trafficking does not change the fact that he or she has been exploited and has suffered trauma, and that every victim and survivor should receive all necessary and appro
From page 405...
... Figure A-3 illustrates this point. Trafficking of Minors CSEC LABOR SEX • Prostitution • Survival Sex • Pornography • Sex tourism • Mail order brides • Stripping or performing in sexual venues FIGURE A-3  Overlap between definitions of sex trafficking of minors and commercial sexual exploitation of children.
From page 406...
... See Figure A-4. Child Abuse Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors FIGURE A-4 Commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors as forms of child abuse.

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