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Pages 37-40

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From page 37...
...  Quantifying both the large- and small-scale ecosystem services and benefits of urban forests  Conducting economic evaluations of urban forest ecosystem services  Effectively communicating to the public and decision-makers about the benefits of urban trees  Encouraging private landowners to plant and maintain trees on their land but also acknowledging that urban trees require public acceptance  Identifying effective management and maintenance of urban trees to increase their lifespan and maximize the return on investments in urban forestry programs  Making informed choices about tree species selection and planting location strategies to optimize ecosystem services and tree health  Promoting collaboration and partnerships among stakeholders (e.g., industry; local, state, and federal government; public; and academia)  Building the scientific foundation to allow cities and regions to receive official regulatory credit (in air and water pollution programs)
From page 38...
... o to provide the scientific quantification that is needed to integrate urban trees into regulatory management frameworks o to better understand interactions between natural and human systems in the urban setting  Promoting regulatory and urban growth policy changes that are more "tree friendly"  Optimizing the investment of urban trees by planting trees in appropriate locations and emphasizing the importance of maintaining the health of existing trees  Advancing interdisciplinary high-resolution ecosystem service models  Developing indicators of tree health and performance  Developing criteria for setting appropriate tree canopy goals  Standardizing remote sensing technologies (LANDSAT, National Agriculture Imagery Program [NAIP]
From page 39...
... )  Determining best practices for mature tree restoration in an urban area Assessments, tools, data  Assessing tree canopy on a regional scale with an integrated benefits matrix  Systematically identifying knowledge gaps in health benefits or costs of urban forests, community-based participatory research in local areas to fill these gaps, integrating health into the larger discussion of urban forestry and ecosystem sources  Creating a centralized, open-access database to collect and share all of the relevant data being collected through different research efforts  Developing national standards for urban forestry and metrics for ecosystem services  Collecting national tree inventory data at the municipality level  Further developing i-Tree, including coverage of natural areas and interactive mapping capabilities Collaboration and partnerships  Supporting collaboration between science and regulatory agencies on effective use of urban forestry tools  Exploring efficiencies to be gained in regional-scale cooperation and collaboration
From page 40...
... However, a number of workshop participants noted that scientific understanding of key mechanisms governing ecosystem functions across multiple scales is incomplete, and most benefits of urban trees require further investigation. In many specific cases, the existing base of studies is too limited to allow one to make generalizations.

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