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4 Disseminating Evidence
Pages 35-40

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From page 35...
... Forum co-chair and workshop speaker Jacquelyn Campbell from the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing noted that community members should have access to violence prevention evidence in a format that will allow them to glean the knowledge needed to quickly develop appropriate responses to violence in their neighborhoods. This would likely involve efforts to present evidence in ways that are meaningful in a variety of communities, taking into account local languages and the cultural relevance of issues and responses.
From page 36...
... Dissemination to Policy makers Workshop speaker Daniela Ligiero from the Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator acknowledged that policy makers perform a balancing act between the pressures to act based on political considerations and the pressure to act based on what the evidence suggests.
From page 37...
... Workshop speaker Alys Willman from the World Bank noted that, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, efforts need to be made to ensure that policy makers and researchers are speaking the same language. In her experience, policy makers sometimes have assumed that violence prevention means using crime deterrents such as security cameras and fences rather than focusing on primary prevention.
From page 38...
... He challenged researchers with what he referred to as the "guacamole dip paradigm"; that is, to take one study they have completed and "reduce it to the three to five things … that you could tell me as a nonscientist at a party over the guacamole dip." Bueermann and workshop speaker Dean Fixsen from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill agreed that practitioners are not necessarily interested in study methodology and evaluation rigor, and Bueermann maintained that research will be used in practice only if they can be convinced to investigate further after hearing a short summary of the key points. Speaker Joan Serra Hoffman from the World Bank added that highlighting successful program elements such as the resources used or the implementation timeline will make it easier for practitioners to more quickly assess whether program components would be useful to them.
From page 39...
... Workshop speaker Lisbeth Schorr from the Center for the Study of Social Policy noted that "people working at the front lines understand that experimental evaluations provide essential information about what works, but so do the insights that come out of other research and practice." Workshop speaker Thom Feucht from the National Institute of Justice echoed this, saying that the violence prevention community needs to learn from the wisdom of practitioners. Fixsen noted that practice-policy feedback loops should become institutionalized components of organizations, and Schorr called for more thought on other ways of systematically collecting and disseminating experiential evidence to improve prevention programming.

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