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1. The U.S. Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
Pages 7-12

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From page 7...
... A NEW APPROACH TO DISASTER REDUCTION Progress in diminishing the effects of natural hazards in the next 10 years will require a fundamental shift in public perceptions of natural disasters. Hazard reduction policies and practices need to be integrated into the mainstream of community activities throughout the nation.
From page 8...
... More than 15 catastrophic events defined as events with insured losses exceeding $5 million each occurred in 35 states, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. (Source: American Insurance Services Group, Inc., Property Claims Services Division.)
From page 9...
... C., with deadly force. Temporary shelters provide a dry refuge, food, warmth, ancIfiiend/{yfaces to the survivors of Hurricane Hugo.
From page 10...
... EXAMPLES OF ACHIEVEMENTS BY THE YEAR 2000 · New regional hazard maps and risk assessments for the nation's most vulnerable areas, · Television programs ant! school booklets on vulnerability, preparedness, and mitigation measures for each type of hazard, Educational programs and materials for non-English speaking populations, Increased community adoption and enforcement of building codes, More hazard-resistant schools, hospitals, and other public facilities in high-risk areas, Guidelines and manuals for land-use practices, Improved disaster emergency plans for the most vulnerable communities and regions, National and worIdwicle demonstration prediction projects, Postdisaster case studies for all major and selectee!
From page 11...
... The Decade's progress, therefore, should be judged in the short term by using surrogate measures for example, the number of state and local jurisclictions that improve their hazard and risk assessments, train response teams, develop and exercise emergency response and recovery plans, or take steps to strengthen building codes or their enforcement; documented changes in the awareness and actions of such groups as the media, health workers, architects, engineers, policy makers, and the public; qualitative STRATEGIES FOR DISASTER REDUCTION Lives can be saved and losses substantially limited by the year 2000 by: · identifying the areas of greatest risk to focus limited resources where they are most needed, · increasing public awareness of vulnerability, · implementing hazard mitigation policies and practices, · preparing for emergency response, recovery, and reconstruction, · improving prediction and warning capabilit~es, · learning from disasters to prevent the repetition of mistakes and promote the use of successful techniques, and · sharing information and experience worldwide. and quantitative changes in efforts to transfer technology and enhance professional skills through conferences and workshops; and the number of new bilateral and multilateral projects.
From page 12...
... Building codes and ~nd(-? ~se management can help reduce the number of structures damaged clu ring earthquakes and!

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