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Implications for Operational Meteorology
Pages 25-30

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From page 25...
... modernizes and restructures its field offices in support of more detailed and timely forecasts. These improvements will permit more detailed weather information to be obtained in real time, with easy accessibility and display in a variety of formats including color and animation, and will permit more frequent analyses of surface and tropospheric conditions based on intensive use of new data sources.
From page 26...
... Forecasters newly arrived at a station will have the opportunity to learn the local peculiarities of the weather if they have the capability to reexamine events in the same sequence as they originally unfolded. HAZARDOUS WEATHER WARNINGS Most weather forecasters acknowledge that radar data provide the most critical information when severe storms threaten.
From page 27...
... WEATHER INFORMATION SERVICES The information industry is burgeoning, and the public demand for weather information is part of the reason. Ten years ago, it was difficult to envision that a 24-hour-a-day television program devoted exclusively to national weather would be a financially rewarding venture.
From page 28...
... Yet many important decisions that can limit such losses -- whether to spray pesticides, harvest early or late, pump water for irrigation, or protect vulnerable crops from an early or late frost -- can be made with more confidence given better weather forecasts. Increased mesoscale information will improve the timeliness and accuracy of weather information on which the agriculture industry depends for many of its critical decisions.
From page 29...
... The contractor who sends crews to an outdoor job in unexpectedly bad weather, or who loses a partially constructed house to a windstorm, is likely to blame an inaccurate weather forecast. Therefore, more accurate and detailed forecasts will permit construction industries to cope better with adverse weather conditions.
From page 30...
... 30 CONCLUDING REMARKS Although some improvement in operational meteorology can reasonably be expected just from the availability of new observing systems, the improvement is likely to be very limited unless a systematic scientific program is undertaken to maximize the use of the new observations in increasing understanding of mesoscale weather processes. The resulting increased understanding should, in turn, result in a larger incremental improvement in mesoscale weather predictions and warnings and hence greater benefits to the nation than can be expected from the new observing systems alone.

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