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Sharing Research Data (1985) / Chapter Skim
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The Changing Environment for Data Sharing
Pages 18-23

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From page 18...
... Data shanng, then, must also be cost sharing; subsequent analysts should contribute appropriately to the costs of documentation and pay the costs to transfer data. Sharing data primarily benefits science and society; the costs are borne mostly by the initial investigators.
From page 19...
... Privacy is also relevant: as the public has become more concerned about invasion of privacy, researchers have attempted to overcome respondent hesitation by making stronger promises of confidentiality. Legal protections for privacy attempt to protect privacy by maintaining confidentiality of records, and in many cases, restricting their use to the agency to which the respondent provided information.
From page 20...
... Designed to protect the confidentiality of records collected and maintained by the federal government, it provides, with certain exceptions, that identifiable information about individuals may not be disclosed outside the agency that collected the information unless the prior consent of the individuals concerned is obtained.S A key characteristic of this statute is that it does not distinguish between data for administrative purposes and data for research or statistical purposes. The provisions of the law apply directly to investigators whose research or surveys are undertaken under a contract win a federal agency, as are, for example, most evaluations of federal programs.
From page 21...
... . There are two specific exemptions to access in the Freedom of Information Act that are most relevant to research data: "personnel and medical and similar files Me disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of privacy" and "trade secrets and commercial or financial information obtained from a person and privileged or confidential." An investigator whose contract with a federal agency calls for transfer to the agency of microdata that do not qualify for these exemptions should expect that We data may be shared with others, researchers or not, under the Freedom of Information Act.
From page 22...
... . Scholarly journals that insist on copyrighting all articles may impede reanalysis of previously published information by requiring secondary analysts to obtain copyright releases from original researchers, although the fair use provision makes this requirement unnecessary.
From page 23...
... The joint statement included, under the heading "Open Communication Encouraged," the following: The traditions of open research and prompt transmission of research results should govern all university research, including research sponsored by industry. Those traditions require that universities encourage open communication about research in progress and research results.

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