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Sharing Research Data (1985) / Chapter Skim
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Pages 3-8

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From page 3...
... She Committee on National Statistics believes blat sharing scientific data with colleagues reinforces the practice of open scientific inquiry. Cognizant of the often substantial costs to the original investigator for sharing data, the committee seeks to foster attitudes and practices within the scientific community that encourage researchers to share data with others as much as feasible.
From page 4...
... Despite promises of confidentiality to respondents, researchers may be in jeopardy of arrest if police or We courts request or demand data. A study headed by James Carroll at Syracuse University on the confidentiality of social science research sources and data identified many such cases (Carroll and Knerr, 1975~; one was the Office of Economic Opportunitr's New Jersey negative income tax experiment, in which a local prosecutor issued 14 subpoenas requesting We names of welfare families receiving excess payments (Kershaw end Fair, 1976~.
From page 5...
... In response to the conclusions of We conference, this report suggests guidelines for appropriate sharing of data and how government agencies and other institutions can encourage and foster such sharing of data. Scope of the Report The exploratory conference focused on Me sharing of social science research data.
From page 6...
... Similarly, in a 1919 report to Me Astronomical and Royal Societies on expeditions to test predictions of Einstein's general theory of relativity, Eddington chose not to mention the results of one complete set of measurements that produced a value for the deflection of starlight consistent with the Newtonian, rather Man the Einstein, prediction (see Eastman and Glymour, 19801. Some data-sharing problems in the biomedical sciences are also similar to those in the social sciences: for example, problems associated with largescale, controlled clinical trials closely resemble those associated win largescale social surveys.
From page 7...
... The principles and guidelines for data sharing in this report are addressed not only to researchers in academia and government but also to institutions that provide funds for research. Over the past 20 years, government agencies and private and public foundations have underwritten social science research to collect and analyze substantial bodies of data.
From page 8...
... Organizations that conduct research universities, nonprofit institutions, commercial organizations (such as biophannaceutical concerns) , individuals, and government agencies that conduct research, whether they use their own funds or are supported by others.

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