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Pages 11-13

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From page 11...
... USE OF REAR-FACING POSITION FOR COMMON WHEELCHAIRS ON TRANSIT BUSES SUMMARY The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 introduced a new era for enhancing the lives of persons with disabilities, in particular by facilitating improved integration and access to facilities and services, including public transportation.
From page 12...
... 2 An alternative approach, using a rear-facing position, was initially deployed in Germany and the United Kingdom in the early 1990s, and now has been widely deployed across Europe, in several transit systems in Canada, and most recently in Australia. The rear-facing position concept enables persons using mobility aids to position themselves independently within an accessible urban transit bus, with their back and head near a load-bearing panel.
From page 13...
... 3 • Independent and dignified use of the system, without, for most wheelchair passengers, the need for assistance by others; • Faster boarding and alighting; • Reduced need for physical contact with other persons; • Adaptation to the most commonly used wheelchairs and scooters, and even some less common types of wheelchairs, without the need for attachment points; and • Less damage to the mobility aid from the securement system. Benefits for the transit system include • Reduced dwell times at stops; • No or limited involvement of bus operators and, correspondingly, a lesser likelihood that bus operators will be injured or be placed in awkward working positions; and • Reduced maintenance costs.

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