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Pages 57-128

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From page 57...
... APPENDIX A Initial Surveys For the first round of surveys, the focus of the assessment was on which evaluation criteria were most important and which organizations were most influential to both the general public and metropolitan planning organization (MPO) stakeholders.
From page 58...
... Question 2: Factors Considered in Decisions on Transportation Investments The following 10 questions address items representing key areas that might influence decisions about transportation investments. The respondent was asked to consider each factor and assess the importance of that item in deciding his/her support or opposition to any transportation proposal.
From page 59...
... Figure A.3. How important is the impact of the proposal on sensitive habitats, wetlands, and areas near rivers or streams for you in deciding your support or opposition to any proposal?
From page 60...
... Figure A.5. How important is impact on historical sites, parks, and green space for you in deciding your support or opposition to any proposal?
From page 61...
... Figure A.7. How important is impact on minority and low-income communities for you in deciding your support or opposition to any proposal?
From page 62...
... Figure A.9. How important is the extent to which the project improves the bus system for you in deciding your support or opposition to any proposal?
From page 63...
... Figure A.11. How important is improving travel times and reducing traffic congestion for you in deciding your support or opposition to any proposal?
From page 64...
... Figure A.13. Extent of influence by group on transportation investments.
From page 65...
... Question 3B: Local Government Staff Question 3B reads as follows: "To what extent would support from local government professional staff influence your support or opposition for a particular transportation project? " As shown in Figure A.15, three in four respondents report that local government staff influences their support or opposition for a project to at least some extent.
From page 66...
... Question 3D: Economic Development Advocates Question 3D reads as follows: "To what extent would support from organizations that advocate for economic development influence your support or opposition for a particular transportation project? " As shown in Figure A.17, nearly one in three respondents found economic development advocates to carry a lot of influence in their own decisions on transportation projects.
From page 67...
... Question 3F: Media Endorsements Question 3F reads as follows: "To what extent would support from opinions and endorsements by the local media, including newspapers, radio, TV, local websites, or blogs influence your support or opposition for a particular transportation project? " As shown in Figure A.19, over 40% of respondents consider that media endorsements carry no influence at all in making their decisions on transportation projects.
From page 68...
... Initial MPO Stakeholder Survey The total number of respondents to the MPO stakeholder survey was 45. The graphs below represent responses of all 45 survey participants, including participants who declined to respond to certain questions.
From page 69...
... your transportation decisions are impacts on: land use, public safety, environment, social justice and community, passenger mobility, economy, freight mobility…." As shown in Figure A.23, land use and public safety ranked highest among the stakeholders with 86.3% of stakeholder ranking land use as extremely important or very important and 86.0% of stakeholders ranking public safety as extremely important or very important. For stakeholders, freight mobility was ranked as the least important performance measure area with only 43.1% ranking freight mobility as extremely important or very important.
From page 70...
... Question 4a: Distance of the project from sensitive habitats and riparian (stream) buffers.
From page 71...
... Questions 4d: Percentage change in greenhouse gases (e.g., carbon dioxide)
From page 72...
... Question 5a: Number of historical and archeological sites affected. (See Figure A.29.)
From page 73...
... Question 5d: Inclusion in the local comprehensive plan. (See Figure A.32.)
From page 74...
... Question 5g: Impact on the connection of people to their jobs. (See Figure A.35.)
From page 75...
... Question 6b: Number of minority and low-income persons who would enjoy either shorter travel times or improved transportation options as a result of the project. (See Figure A.37.)
From page 76...
... Question 6e: Portion of the project that directly supports biking. (See Figure A.40.)
From page 77...
... Question 7 Question 7 reads as follows: "Now consider the economic impact of potential projects. For each measure, indicate its importance to your decision to support or oppose potential transportation investments." Question 7a: Percentage change in travel time to existing employment centers.
From page 78...
... Question 7c: Benefit-cost ratio for the project, where cost is monetary costs to government, and benefits are based on monetization of crash reductions and travel time savings. (See Figure A.45.)
From page 79...
... Question 8 Question 8 reads as follows: "Consider the project effects on public safety. For each measure, indicate its importance to your decision to support or oppose potential transportation investments." Question 8a: Portion of the project that is within the 100-year floodplain.
From page 80...
... Question 8c: Change in response time for emergency services. (See Figure A.50.)
From page 81...
... Question 9b: Percent change in passenger-miles traveled on non-auto modes. (See Figure A.52.)
From page 82...
... Question 9e: Change in the length of average delays at intersections. (See Figure A.55.)
From page 83...
... Question 10b: Number of weight-restricted bridges and height-restricted overpasses on key freight corridors within the region. (See Figure A.57.)
From page 84...
... Question 10e: The buffer index for key freight corridors, summarized as the time cushion trucks must add to their average time to ensure on-time arrival. (See Figure A.60.)
From page 85...
... Question 11 Question 11 reads as follows: "To what extent would support from the following groups or individuals influence your support or opposition for a particular transportation project? ' Question 11a: Elected officials at the state or local level.
From page 86...
... Question 11c: Local government/professional staff. (See Figure A.64.)
From page 87...
... Question 11f: Neighborhood and community groups. (See Figure A.67.)
From page 88...
... APPENDIX B Follow-Up Surveys For the second round of surveys, the focus of the assessment was the importance of evaluation criteria and the degree of influence the results of a performance measure have on respondents' support for a set of transportation projects. As with the first round of surveys, the phone-based Jefferson Area Community Survey (JACS)
From page 89...
... proposal. Figure B.2 displays a comparison of the ratings of importance of each factor.
From page 90...
... Question 2B: Impact on Travel Times Question 2B asks about the importance of improving travel times and reducing traffic congestion. As shown in Figure B.4, over 32% of respondents considered the impacts on improving travel times and reducing traffic congestion to be extremely important.
From page 91...
... Question 2D: Impact on Schools Question 2D asks about the importance of impact on schools. As shown in Figure B.6, over 29% of respondents considered the impacts on schools to be extremely important.
From page 92...
... Figure B.8. Dollar cost of the project.
From page 93...
... Question 2H: Impact on Sensitive Habitats Question 2H concerns impact on sensitive habitats, wetlands, and areas near rivers or streams. As shown in Figure B.10, over 25% of respondents considered the impacts on sensitive habitats to be extremely important.
From page 94...
... Question 2J: Impact on Bus System Question 2J asks about the importance of how a project improves the bus system. As shown in Figure B.12, over 15% of respondents considered the impacts on the bus system to be extremely important.
From page 95...
... Figure B.13. Extent of influence by group on transportation investments (Stff = staff)
From page 96...
... As shown in Figure B.15, over 43% of respondents believed support would influence the process a lot. The figure illustrates 704 valid responses, out of a total of 715 respondents.
From page 97...
... Question 3D: Economic Development Advocates Question 3D asks to what extent support from organizations that advocate for economic development would influence the process. As shown in Figure B.17, over 32% of respondents believed support would influence the process a lot.
From page 98...
... Question 3F: Elected Officials Question 3F asks to what extent support from elected officials would influence the process. As shown in Figure B.19, over 16% of respondents believed support would influence the process a lot.
From page 99...
... Figure B.21. Precision of measures necessary to influence support.
From page 100...
... As shown in Figure B.23, over 50% of respondents considered specific numbers to be most helpful. The figure illustrates 343 valid responses, out of a total of 715 respondents.
From page 101...
... Figure B.25. Impact of miles traveled: What is more helpful.
From page 102...
... Question 5 Question 5 asks how closely respondents follow the long-range transportation planning process. As shown in Figure B.28, 11.5% of respondents following the process very closely.
From page 103...
... Figure B.27. Land use measures: How helpful.
From page 104...
... Figure B.29. Land use measures: Level of precision needed to affect decision.
From page 105...
... Figure B.31. Land use measures: Would improvement by 1.4% change your support (compared to 2.5% improvement)
From page 106...
... Table B.2. Environment Performance Measures: Scenario X Alternative Tons of Pollutants in Stormwater Runoff per Year Amount of Change in Pollutants in Stormwater Base Base 1,079.1 tons/year No Change Scenario X 1,096.4 tons/year 1.6%*
From page 107...
... Figure B.34. Environment performance measures: How confident in using for assessment?
From page 108...
... Figure B.36. Environment performance: Importance of specific values.
From page 109...
... Figure B.38. Environment performance: Would change of 8.3% instead of 1.4% change your support?
From page 110...
... Figure B.39. Social effects: How helpful?
From page 111...
... Figure B.41. Social effects: Level of precision to affect decision.
From page 112...
... Figure B.43. Social effects: Importance of specific values (13.5%)
From page 113...
... The first question reads as follows: "How helpful is this information to you in evaluating Scenario X? " As shown in Figure B.45, over 42% of respondents believed the measures to be either extremely or very helpful.
From page 114...
... Figure B.47. Safety measures: Level of precision to affect decision.
From page 115...
... Figure B.49. Safety measures: Would a change of 0.1% instead of 0.6% change your support?
From page 116...
... The first question reads as follows: "How helpful is this information to you in evaluating Scenario X? " As shown in Figure B.51, nearly 50% of respondents considered the measure to be very helpful or extremely helpful.
From page 117...
... Figure B.53. Passenger mobility measures: Level of precision to affect decision.
From page 118...
... Figure B.55. Passenger mobility measures: Would a change of 0.2% instead of 0.4% change your support?
From page 119...
... Table B.6. Economic Performance: Scenario X Alternative Costs Benefit-Cost Ratio for the Scenario, Where Cost Is the Cost to Government, and Benefits Are the Economic Value of Reduced Crashes and Improved Travel Time Base Negligible No change Scenario X $36.5 million/year 1 The first question reads as follows: "How helpful is this information to you in evaluating Scenario X?
From page 120...
... Question 6b The third question reads as follows: "How precise does the ‘benefit-cost ratio' need to be in order to influence your support for this alternative? " As shown in Figure B.59, over 64% of respondents believed the precision needs to specify impact.
From page 121...
... Figure B.61. Economic performance: Would a change of 0.75 (higher costs/lower benefits)
From page 122...
... Table B.7. Freight Performance: Scenario X Alternative Number of At-Grade Auto Rail Crossings Reduction in the Number of At-Grade Auto Rail Crossings Base 29 No change Scenario X 28 1*
From page 123...
... Question 7b The third question reads as follows: "How precise does the ‘Number of at-grade auto rail crossings' need to be in order to influence your support for this alternative? " As shown in Figure B.65, almost 70% of respondents believed precision needs to specify impact.
From page 124...
... Figure B.67. Freight performance: Would "no change" results change your support?
From page 125...
... The first question reads as follows: "How helpful is this information to you in evaluating Scenario X? " As shown in Figure B.69, only 17.6% of respondents believed this information to not be helpful at all.
From page 126...
... Figure B.71. Economic development groups: Oppose -- how helpful?
From page 127...
... Figure B.73. Scenarios made it easier/more difficult to understand the overall impacts of transportation improvement.
From page 128...
... Figure B.75. Scenarios made it easier/harder to select projects.

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