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Pages 13-21

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From page 13...
... 13 chapter four NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT PROCESS In the following section, government-driven environmental comparisons from National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) studies are explored.
From page 14...
... 14 Purpose and Need The purpose and need statement in the EIS is intended to define the objectives to be achieved by the proposed project (purpose) and the overarching problems that motivated the project (need)
From page 16...
... 16 Federal Regulations Under NEPA CEQ (from 40 CFR, Sec.
From page 17...
... 17 ity. Although prior case law had acknowledged the federal agency's "discretion to set priorities and allocate resources," the Supreme Court ruled that the EPA's denials of rulemaking petitions are reviewable documents, therefore the agency must be able to firmly justify its decision-making priorities if there is further decision deferment, and denials may be made "only on technocratic and scientific grounds, not political ones" (Freeman and vermeule 2007)
From page 18...
... 18 High-Speed Rail Alternative Consideration Within Aviation Environmental Impact Statement Aviation project EISs are reviewed to evaluate how HSR is considered as an alternative to proposed aviation infrastructure. EIS documents for capacity-enhancing airport infrastructure are more likely to consider HSR because capacity enhancements are driven by the need to accommodate additional passengers, which could be carried by another mode.
From page 19...
... 19 airport EIS performed a detailed environmental assessment of HSR as an alternative mode, citing insufficient capacity issues. For IAD, the preparers explain "the proposed project objectives relate to capacity enhancement measures to accommodate existing and future aviation activity.
From page 20...
... 20 types of EISs affected the way different modal alternatives were considered for the projects. The California HSR EIS is an example of a tiered process, where the overall alignment for the state of California is evaluated in the first tier and sectional corridors are evaluated as multiple second tier EISs.
From page 21...
... 21 agement in general -- are much more daunting challenges than they originally appeared. Environmental problems are complex, interrelated, and often only partially understood.

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