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From page 1...
... INTRODUCTION Transportation plays a vital role in evacuation mitigation, planning, response, and recovery. However, "the majority of the emergency operations plans for large urbanized areas are only partially sufficient in describing in specific and measurable terms how a major evacuation could be conducted successfully, and few focus on the role of transit…Even among localities with evacuation plans, few have provided for a major disaster that could involve multiple jurisdictions or multiple states in a region and necessitate the evacuation of a large fraction of the population" (Transportation Research Board [TRB]
From page 2...
... Page 2 Introduction disasters will strike. During the first 11 months of 2011, 97 major disasters were declared.
From page 3...
... Page 3 Introduction FIGURE I–4: Presidential Disaster Declarations: Frequency by County and Type of Disaster by FEMA Region FEMA TABLE I–1: Range of Coordination Complexity for Evacuation SINGLE JURISDICTION MULTIPLE JURISDICTIONS SINGLE MODE Local emergency planning and response; low Regional emergency planning and response; level of planning and response complexity moderate level of planning and response complexity Example: Localized flooding evacuation using only automobiles Example: Large-scale hurricane contraflow evacuation using only automobiles MULTIPLE MODES Local emergency planning and response Regional emergency planning and response; coordinated across several local agencies that high level of planning and response share the same geography; moderate level of complexity planning and response complexity Example: Large-scale city-assisted hurricane Example: Localized wildfire evacuation using evacuation utilizing automobiles, buses, automobiles, buses, vans, ambulances, etc. trains, ambulances, etc.
From page 4...
... Page 4 Introduction on the scale of the Olympics, and planning for a no-notice event like an explosion or earthquake or a notice event like a hurricane. The similarities lie in the benefits of advance planning (establishing relationships and roles, setting goals and objectives, identifying operations tactics and strategies, evaluating resource needs)
From page 5...
... Page 5 Introduction GUIDE ORGANIZATION The following illustration from the "FEMA Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 101 Version 2" (CPG 101 2010) depicts the ideal steps in the emergency planning process.

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