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Pages 30-77

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From page 30...
... 30 City of Portland, Oregon, Automated Enforcement Program Overview The City of Portland, Oregon's automated enforcement program started in January, 1996, as a demonstration project to test the effectiveness of photo radar as a speed enforcement tool. The red light camera program followed suit in October, 2001.
From page 31...
... Case Studies 31 Enabling Legislation In 1995, the City of Portland received authority from the Legislature to conduct a 2-year trial of photo radar enforcement. The legislature required certain elements to be completed as part of the trial period, along with regulations on how the program can be operated.
From page 32...
... 32 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running The legislation allowed for a pilot program, restricted to certain communities in Oregon, including Portland. After completing a successful trial phase, the Legislature extended the use of photo radar under Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS)
From page 33...
... Case Studies 33 Figure H-2. Portland's digital photo radar van.
From page 34...
... 34 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running Figure H-4. Computer and camera monitor inside digital photo radar van.
From page 35...
... Case Studies 35 new locations are added since the program is well established in the community and advance signing is provided. Citation Process There are five steps involved with issuing photo radar citations.
From page 36...
... 36 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running The Police Bureau is also responsible for the vendor selection. The vendor is selected through a competitive bid process.
From page 37...
... Case Studies 37 hotline received 789 calls during the first nine months of the program, 58% of which were calls expressing support for the program. Another study in 2003, conducted by a private firm, showed 87% of Portland residents were concerned about speeding.
From page 38...
... 38 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running Red Light Camera Program In 2001, after 5 years of successfully using automated enforcement as a tool to reduce speeding, the City of Portland expanded their automated enforcement program to include red light running enforcement. Program Administration and Structure The Portland Red Light Camera (RLC)
From page 39...
... Case Studies 39 Approximately 50% of the observed violations result in a citation being issued. For example, during 2008, 18,083 observed violations were processed, resulting in 8,767 issued citations.
From page 40...
... 40 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running Figure H-6. Advance warning sign for red light camera enforced intersection.
From page 41...
... Case Studies 41 considered crash type and severity. The evaluation used the most recent 4 years of data before the cameras were installed, and 4 years of data after they were installed for eight of the nine intersections.
From page 42...
... 42 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running section during the red light. Agencies should be aware of this potential problem and be ready on how to handle this issue with the public.
From page 43...
... Case Studies 43 References 1. Photo Radar Demonstration Project Evaluation, Cities of Beaverton & Portland.
From page 44...
... 44 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running • No locality shall enter into an agreement for compensation based on the number of violations or monetary penalties imposed. • Before the implementation of a traffic light signal violation monitoring system at an intersection, the locality shall complete an engineering safety analysis that addresses signal timing and other location-specific safety features.
From page 45...
... Case Studies 45 every 10,000 residents)
From page 46...
... 46 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running lic information, structure, and general operation of the program should be driven by the Police Department in coordination with traffic engineering and other partners. The Police Department should have control of the program.
From page 47...
... Case Studies 47 As previously noted, the systems use loop sensors in the pavement. Working with the Traffic Engineering Department, the Police Department explored the use of other sensor technologies.
From page 48...
... 48 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running Department has found these RSAs to be an incredibly useful tool to improve the locations of candidate intersections. The RSAs provide a low-cost assessment of prospective intersections and also help to increase the collaboration of all the involved parties and public relations.
From page 49...
... Case Studies 49 Citation Process Citations are issued by police officers viewing pictures and video collected through the automated process. Since all the cameras are digital, the process of putting together the picture and video packages is done automatically by a computer.
From page 50...
... 50 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running PHOTOSafe helps emphasize to the public that the program is about safety, not about increasing revenue for the city, a common misconception. Virginia Beach uses the PHOTOSafe branding, which includes the logo shown in Figure H-12 and the slogan "Red means stop!
From page 51...
... Case Studies 51 put back online correctly. Incorrect signal timing would affect camera operations, so staff are continually monitoring this to ensure there is not any improper function.
From page 52...
... 52 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running traveling in the right turn lane, four vehicles are probable to make the turn on red without stopping. Figure H-14 displays comparable violation processing information over a 13-month period.
From page 53...
... Case Studies 53 Evaluation of Right Turn on Red Traffic Control Devices As previously noted, one of the reasons Virginia Beach started the automated enforcement program was the high number of red light violations for right-turning vehicles. The police department, traffic engineering staff, and even the court judges have collaborated on how to address this problem and modify driver behavior.
From page 54...
... 54 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running sign without the "photo enforced" placard, and a "Right on red after stop" sign with "photo enforced" in red letters underneath. The police have already noticed a higher compliance rate at certain locations with these signs.
From page 55...
... Case Studies 55 Virginia Beach has been overwhelmed by the attendance at the course. Agency representatives drove to Virginia Beach from all over the state to gather information on the program.
From page 56...
... 56 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running resolve the issue quickly and in the best interest of the traveling public. An example of this occurred when a review of the systems identified that occasionally a camera view was blocked.
From page 57...
... Case Studies 57 • Comprehensive Approach. Automated enforcement is only one part of the package to improve intersection safety and will contribute a portion towards safety improvement at the inter section.
From page 58...
... 58 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running City of San Diego, California, Red Light Photo Enforcement Program Overview The City of San Diego, California, began operating the current red light photo enforcement program in 2002. They operate 15 red light running cameras in the city.
From page 59...
... Case Studies 59 Positive news coming out of the California audit was the reduced crash experience related to the red light camera program. San Diego reported an 8% decrease city wide in red light running crashes after the implementation of the program.
From page 60...
... 60 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running Safe Lights for San Diego The current red light camera program was launched in November 2002, with a new 5-year agreement with ACS. The new program was designed around the specific recommendations and lessons learned from the San Diego and California audits.
From page 61...
... Case Studies 61 Figure H-17. Red light camera system location (3)
From page 62...
... 62 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running Warning Periods San Diego issued warnings for the first 30 days of the program. They also issue warnings for 30 days after each new red light camera installation.
From page 63...
... Case Studies 63 any question about the violation taking place. According to Sgt.
From page 64...
... 64 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running The officers that testify in court for red light camera cases are always motorcycle officers that conduct traffic enforcement operations of all types on a regular basis. They progressively receive more training on the red light camera operations.
From page 65...
... Case Studies 65 Recent Court Issue On August 16, 2010, Karen A Riley, Commissioner of the San Diego Superior Court, issued a decision that dismissed eight red light camera cases.
From page 66...
... 66 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running meetings. Major changes to the program continue to be discussed in open hearings, and the media continues to publish stories about the program.
From page 67...
... Case Studies 67 Lessons Learned • The San Diego experience has demonstrated that a successful red light camera program may be implemented in a location that has already had a negative experience with a red light camera program. • The program must be operated with the objective to improve traffic safety.
From page 68...
... 68 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running • The current law only permits the violation images to be used for the purpose of providing a red light running violation. This should be adjusted to allow for the images to be used during the investigation and prosecution of major crimes, serious crashes, missing persons and similar cases.
From page 69...
... Case Studies 69 program has been effective in reducing the overall number of collisions and collision severity at most camera locations. The following document presents an overview of Edmonton's program and illuminates some of their noteworthy practices that could be replicated by other agencies in the development and operation of an automated enforcement program.
From page 70...
... 70 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running Current legislation does not allow for unmanned photo radar enforcement equipment. The Edmonton Police Service stated they would like to see a change to this legislation, so it may provide them with the opportunity to install unmanned speed enforcement devices at mid-block locations and highways in addition to intersections.
From page 71...
... Case Studies 71 Site Selection For both photo radar and ISCs, Edmonton currently uses several state-of-the-art Empirical Bayes based methods to prioritize sites. These methods include expected collisions, expected excess collisions, expected net collision reduction (using crash reduction factors for different crash types)
From page 72...
... 72 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running These services were paid for partially through the flat-fee portion and fee per paid ticket. The city is progressing towards management of all aspects of back-end processing.
From page 73...
... Case Studies 73 automated enforcement, then they are more likely to openly support the technology and the behaviors that it deters. The OTS is working with the EPS to plan how to use social norms marketing to address perceptions about automated enforcement.
From page 74...
... 74 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running number. Edmonton police believe the fixed and mobile speed enforcement methods are complementary to each other.
From page 75...
... Case Studies 75 Since the same vendor is used for both photo radar and ISCs, the payment process is the same. The equipment supplier is paid according to the equipment pricing list included in the contract.
From page 76...
... 76 Automated Enforcement for Speeding and Red Light Running Program Evaluation The Office of Traffic Safety is responsible for monitoring the program. The program is also subject to external audit and monitoring by provincial solicitor general employees.
From page 77...
... Abbreviations and acronyms used without definitions in TRB publications: AAAE American Association of Airport Executives AASHO American Association of State Highway Officials AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACI–NA Airports Council International–North America ACRP Airport Cooperative Research Program ADA Americans with Disabilities Act APTA American Public Transportation Association ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATA American Trucking Associations CTAA Community Transportation Association of America CTBSSP Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program DHS Department of Homeland Security DOE Department of Energy EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAA Federal Aviation Administration FHWA Federal Highway Administration FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration HMCRP Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAO National Association of State Aviation Officials NCFRP National Cooperative Freight Research Program NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NTSB National Transportation Safety Board PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (2005) TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (1998)

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